Observations of sunspots by Flamsteed during the Maunder Minimum
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In the bookHistoria Coelestis Brittannica, John Flamsteed (1725) lists his daily solar observations from 1676 onwards. Coupled with his comments in thePhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society and his letters to William Derham in the Cambridge University Library, it is possible to reconstruct a daily chronology of his solar and sunspot observations from 1676 to 1700. These observations are important because, coupled with daily logs of observations by Picard, La Hire, Eimmart, and others, a detailed record of the observations during a portion of the Maunder Minimum can be constructed. For example, for 1691, a typical year, the longest gap between observations is only four days. Flamsteed's observations are also important because they add to the data gathered by Wolf, Spoerer, Maunder, Eddy, and others in their study of solar activity in the seventeenth century. Flamsteed's observations are summarized here and a sample of his observations is presented.
KeywordsSolar Activity Royal Society Seventeenth Century Detailed Record Maunder Minimum
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