Foundations of Physics

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 249–263

Might god toss coins?

  • Philip Pearle

DOI: 10.1007/BF00726850

Cite this article as:
Pearle, P. Found Phys (1982) 12: 249. doi:10.1007/BF00726850


In the problem of the gambler's ruin, a classic problem in probability theory, a number of gamblers play against each other until all but one of them is “wiped out.” It is shown that this problem is identical to a previously presented formulation of the reduction of the state vector, so that the state vectors in a linear superposition may be regarded as “playing” against each other until all but one of them is “wiped out.” This is a useful part of the description of an objectively real universe represented by a state vector that is a superposition of macroscopically distinguishable states dynamically created by the Hamiltonian and destroyed by the reduction mechanism.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Pearle
    • 1
  1. 1.Mathematical InstituteOxfordEngland
  2. 2.Hamilton CollegeClinton

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