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Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 229–250 | Cite as

A saline laboratory model of the planetary convective boundary layer

  • M. F. Hibberd
  • B. L. Sawford
Article

Abstract

A laboratory water-analog of clear-air penetrative convection in the atmosphere has been constructed to continue studies of the turbulent dispersion of buoyant plumes in the convective boundary layer (CBL). A unique feature is the utilization of saline rather than thermal convection, which has been made possible by the development of a reliable method for delivering a controllable buoyancy flux through a porous membrane. It has been shown in an earlier paper that at typical laboratory scales, a saline convection tank is well suited to modelling buoyant plume dipersion under strongly convective (light wind) conditions.

A range of experiments has clearly demonstrated the validity of the model. Results for density and velocity variances show much less scatter than most comparable measurements because of the greatly improved sampling that is possible in the tank. The results are generally in good agreement with field data and other laboratory simulations but the improved accuracy of the data has highlighted the anomalously low values for the horizontal velocity variances produced by large-eddy simulations of the CBL. The cause of this apparent underprediction remains unresolved.

Keywords

Convection Horizontal Velocity Velocity Variance Convective Boundary Layer Thermal Convection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. F. Hibberd
    • 1
  • B. L. Sawford
    • 1
  1. 1.CSIRO Division of Atmospheric ResearchAspendaleAustralia

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