Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 191–207 | Cite as

Speech and language impairment and psychiatric disorder: The relevance of family demographic variables

  • J. H. Beitchman
  • Michele Peterson
  • Marjorie Clegg
Articles

Abstract

Children with speech/language disorders are at increased risk for psychiatric problems, but the variables which mediate this relationship are unknown Using a speech/language impaired sample and a normal language control group, this study examined whether certain environmental factors distinguished children with psychiatric problems from those without psychiatric disorder. Though socioeconomic status, marital status and maternal education distinguished disturbed from normal children, none of the variables studied distinguished normal from clinical children within the speech/language impaired group.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Beitchman JH, Nair R, Clegg M, Ferguson B, Patel PG: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children with speech and language disorders.J Am Acad Child Psychiat 25:528–535, 1986.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Silva PA, Justin C, McGee R, Williams SM: Some developmental and behavioural characteristics of seven-year-old children with delayed speech development.Br J Disord Commun 19:147–154, 1984.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cantwell D, Baker L, Mattison R: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children with speech and language disorders: An epidemiological study.J Am Acad Child Psychiat 18:450–461, 1979.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Richman N, Stevenson J: Language delay in three-year-old children: Family and social factors.Acta Paediatr Belg 30:213–219, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cantwell D, Baker L: Psychiatric and Learning Disorders in Children with Speech and Language Disorders: A descriptive analysis. In K Gadow (Ed.)Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities Vol. 4. London: JAI Press Inc., 1985. pp 29–47.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Beitchman JH: Speech and language impairment and psychiatric risk: Toward a model of neurodevelopmental immaturity.Psychiatric Clinics of North America 8:721–735, 1985.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cantwell D, Baker L, Mattison R: Psychiatric disorders in children with speech and language retardation: Factors associated with development.Arch Gen Psychiat 37:423–426, 1980.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baker L, Cantwell D: Psychiatric and Learning Disorders in Children with Speech and Language Disorders: A Critical Review. In K Gadow (Ed.)Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities Vol. 4. London: JAI Press Inc., 1985, pp 1–28.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rutter M, Tizard J, Whitmore K:Education, Health and Behavior. London: Longman Group Ltd. 1970.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Clausen JA: Family Structure, Socialization and Personality. In LW Hoffman, ML Hoffman (eds.)Review of Child Development Research, Vol. 2. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1966.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Butler NR, Peckham C, Sheridan M: Speech defects in children aged seven years A national study.Br Med J 1:253–257, 1973.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Randall D, Reynell J, Curwen M: A study of language development in a sample of three-year-old children.Br J Disord Commun 9:3–16, 1974.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cantwell DP, Baker L: Psychiatric disorder in children with speech and language retardation.Arch Gen Psychiat 18:450–461, 1977.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Offord DR, Allen N, Abrams N: Parental psychiatric illness, broken homes and delinquency.J Am Acad Psychiat 17:224–238, 1978.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Beitchman JH, Murray C, Minty G: A survey of referral problems to a psychiatric preschool program: Patient characteristics and therapeutic consideration.Can J Psychiat 26:323–329, 1981.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Belmont L: Birth order, intellectual competence, and psychiatric status.J Individ Psychol 33:97–104, 1977.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bankson NW:Bankson Language Screening Test. Baltimore: University Park Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Carrow E:Screening Test for Auditory Comprehension of Language. (5th ed.) Boston: Teaching Resources Corporation, 1973.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pendergast K, Dickey SE, Selmar JW, Soder AL:Photo Articulation Test, Illinois: Interstate Printers and Publishers, Inc., 1969.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Newcomer PL, Hammill DD:The Test of Language Development (TOLD), Austin: Empiric Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dunn LM, Dunn LM:Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test Revised. Circle Pines: American Guidance Services Inc., 1981.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Goldman R, Fristoe M, Woodcock RW:Goldman-Fristoe-Woodcock Auditory Memory Tests. Circle Pines: American Guidance Services Inc., 1974Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Conners CK: A Teacher Rating Scale for use in drug studies with children.Am J Psychiat 126:884–938, 1969.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Achenbach TM, Edelbrock CS:Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist and Revised Child Behavior Profile. Burlington: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry, 1983.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Trites RL, Blouin AGA, Laprade K: Factor analysis of the Conners Teacher Rating Scale based on a large normative sample.J Consult Clin Psychol 50:615–623, 1982.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Blishen R, McRoberts HA: A revised socioeconomic index for occupations in Canada.The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 13:71–79, 1976.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Douglas JWB, Ross JM, Simpson HR:All Our Future. Peter Davies, 1968.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Record RG, McKeown T, Edwards JH: The relation of measured intelligence to birth order and maternal age.Ann Hum Genet 33:61–69, 1969.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Rutter M, Madge N:Cycles of Disadvantage, London: Heineman Educational Books Ltd., 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. H. Beitchman
    • 1
    • 4
  • Michele Peterson
    • 2
  • Marjorie Clegg
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TorontoToronto
  2. 2.Child and Family Studies CentreClarke Institute of PsychiatryTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryRoyal Ottawa HospitalOttawaCanada
  4. 4.Chief, Child and Family StudiesClarke Institute of PsychiatryToronto

Personalised recommendations