Acta Biotheoretica

, Volume 43, Issue 1–2, pp 177–183 | Cite as

A historical note on «artificial life»

  • Daniel Parrochia

Abstract

In this paper, I am dealing with some epistemological aspects of what Christopher Langton (1989) and some other scientists have been calling recently «artificial life», whose history, in fact, is far older. I want to take a view on the origin, further developments and latest issues of these models, and try to point out the major philosophical and epistemological problems arising with them.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Braitenberg, V. (1984). Vehicles, experiments in synthetic psychology, New York, the MIT Press.Google Scholar
  2. Brooks, R. (1991). Intelligence without Reason. 12th International Joint Conference on Artifical Intelligence, Proceedings, Morgan Kauffmann Publisher.Google Scholar
  3. Canguilhem, G. (1977). Idéologie et Rationalité. Paris, Vrin.Google Scholar
  4. Chaitin, G. (1988, 1990). Algorithmic Information Theory. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Claude-Bernard, C. (1878). Leçons sur les phénomènes de la vie communs aux animaux et aux végétaux. Paris, Baillière, 2 vol. (1878–79)Google Scholar
  6. Codd, E.F. (1968). Cellular Automata. New York, Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Comte, A. (1852). Système de politique positive, II, 26 Paris, Mathias.Google Scholar
  8. Descartes, R. (1950). Principes de la philosophie, § 203. In: Oeuvres Philosophiques. Paris, Gallimard, p. 666.Google Scholar
  9. Feynman (1959) There's plenty of room at the bottom. Engrg. and Sci. (Cal. Inst. of tech.) Feb: 22–36.Google Scholar
  10. Jean, R. (1978). Phytomathématique. Montréal, P.U. de l'université du Québec.Google Scholar
  11. Laing, R. (1977). Automaton models of reproduction by self-inspection. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 66: 437–456.Google Scholar
  12. Laing, R. (1989). Artificial organism: history, problems, directions. In: C. Langton, ed., Artificial Life, p. 49–61. Redwood, CA, Addison Wesley Comp.Google Scholar
  13. Langton, C. (1989). Artificial Life, p. 15 Redwood, CA, Addison Wesley Company, 1989.Google Scholar
  14. Leibniz (1968). Monadologie, § 64. Paris, Delagrave, p. 178–179.Google Scholar
  15. Lindenmayer, A., G.T. Herman and G. Roznberg (1975). Description of Developmental Languages Using Recurrence Systems. Mathematical System Theory, vol. 8, 4, New York, Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  16. Neumann, J. von (1963). The general and logical theory of automata. In: A.H. Haub ed., Collected Works, vol. V.: Design of Computers. Theory of Automata and Numerical Analysis, p. 288–328. Oxford, Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  17. Parrochia, D. (to appear). Algorithmics and the limits of complexity. Science in Context.Google Scholar
  18. Poundstone, W. (1985). The Recursive Universe, Cosmic Complexity and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge, p. 200–204. Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Reffye, Ph. de, C. Edelin and M. Jaeger (1989). La modélisation de la croissance des plantes. La Recherche 20, 207: 158–168.Google Scholar
  20. Sneiker, C. (1989). Nano technology with Feynman machines: scanning tunneling engineeering and artificial life. In: C. Langton, ed., Artificial Life, p. 443–500 Redwood, CA, Addison Wesley Comp.Google Scholar
  21. Thatcher, J. (1970). Universality in the von Neumann cellular model. In: A.W. Burks, ed., Essays on Cellular Automata. Urbana, Il, University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  22. Turing, A. (1936–7). On computable numbers, with an application to the Enscheidungsproblem. Proc. London Math. Soc. 2, vol. 42: 230–265.Google Scholar
  23. Wallich, P. (1992). Les robots autonomes. Pour la Science, Février 1992: 72–81.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Parrochia
    • 1
  1. 1.Université de Toulouse Le MirailToulouse-Cedex

Personalised recommendations