Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 31–58 | Cite as

Conversion of traditional village gardens and new economic strategies of rural households in the area of Bogor, Indonesia

  • G. Michon
  • F. Mary


Multistoried village gardens in the vicinity of Bogor (West Java, Indonesia) have long been essential multi-purpose production systems for low-income households. However they are being subjected to important conversion processes linked to socio-economic changes presently found in overcrowded semi-urban zones. Determining factors in their development are a high population increase and the rise of a market economy. Some gardens tend to specialize in commercial growing of fruits or of export crops, others are colonized by houses and associated home-gardens. Traditional gardens gradually lose their earlier ecological and economic features but also become a major asset for the modernization of village economy and society. In addition they bring socio-professional changes to villagers and play a determining role in the search for a new balance in the relationship between cities and villages.

Key words

homegardens forest gardens Java Indonesia household economy 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Michon
    • 1
  • F. Mary
    • 2
  1. 1.ORSTOM/BIOTROPBogorIndonesia
  2. 2.CNEARCMontpellierFrance

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