Journal of Biological Physics

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 83–112 | Cite as

A theoretical model of sinusoidal forearm tracking with delayed visual feedback

  • Peter Tass
  • Arne Wunderlin
  • Michael Schanz


We present a phenomenological model to an experiment, where a person is systematically confronted with a delayed effect of her or his reaction to a time-periodic external signal. The model equations are derived from purely macroscopic considerations. Applying methods developed in the realm of synergetics we can analyze the first instability in the person's behaviour semi-analytically. A careful numerical study is devoted to the higher order instabilities and a comparison between experiment and the results obtained from our model is performed in detail.

Key words

visual tracking delayed feedback differential-delay equations stability analysis instabilities nonlinear oscillations 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Tass
    • 1
  • Arne Wunderlin
    • 2
  • Michael Schanz
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyHeinrich-Heine-UniversityDüsseldorfGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Theoretical Physics and SynergeticsUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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