, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 1–9 | Cite as

Biotransformation of HCFC-22, HCFC-142b, HCFC-123, and HFC-134a by methanotrophic mixed culture MM1

  • Wang-kuan Chang
  • Craig S. Criddle


This research investigated the potential for methanotrophic biotransformation of three HCFCs — chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22); 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b); and 1,1-dichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123); and one HFC — 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a). All of these compounds were biotransformed to differing degrees by methanotrophic mixed culture MM1. Rates of transformation were obtained by monitoring disappearance of the target compounds from the headspace in batch experiments. Henry's constants were determined over a range of conditions to enable estimation of the intrinsic rates of transformation. Intrinsic rates of transformation were obtained by combining a second order rate expression with an expression describing loss of transformation activity due to either endogenous decay or product toxicity. For HCFC-123 and HFC-134a, the independently measured endogenous decay rate for mixed culture MM1 (0.594/day) was sufficient to account for the observed loss of transformation activity with time. However, the endogenous decay rate did not account for the loss of transformation activity for HCFC-22 and HCFC-142b. A model based on product toxicity provided a reasonable representation of the loss of transformation activity for these compounds. The order of reactivity was HCFC-22>HCFC-142b>HFC-134a>HCFC-123, with second order rate coefficients of 0.014, 0.0096, 0.00091, and 0.00054 l/mg-day, respectively. Transformation capacities for HCFC-22 and HCFC-142b were 2.47 and 1.11 µg substrate/mg biomass, respectively.

Key words

hydrofluorocarbons hydrochlorofluorocarbons methanotrophs biotransformations cometabolism 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wang-kuan Chang
    • 1
  • Craig S. Criddle
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Center for Microbial EcologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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