Journal of comparative physiology

, Volume 81, Issue 1, pp 115–119

Evidence for spontaneous song production independent of head ganglia inGryllus campestris L.

  • Wolfram Kutsch
  • Dietmar Otto

DOI: 10.1007/BF00693554

Cite this article as:
Kutsch, W. & Otto, D. J. Comp. Physiol. (1972) 81: 115. doi:10.1007/BF00693554


Male crickets with both cervical and abdominal connectives cut failed to sing spontaneously. If only the cervical connectives were cut, spontaneously produced songs appeared within a few days after the operation (Fig. 1). Analysis of the time sequences of the chirps and pulses clearly reveal calling songs (Fig. 2) as well as transitions to courtship and rivalry songs. It is therefore clear that the cricket can produce songs even in the absence of neural commands from the head ganglia.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfram Kutsch
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dietmar Otto
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für TierphysiologieZoologisches Institut der Universität zu KölnDeutschland
  2. 2.Fachbereich BiologieUniversität KanstanzKonstanzFederal Republic of Germany
  3. 3.Technische HochschuleZoologisches InstitutDarmstadtFederal Republic of Germany

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