Acta Neuropathologica

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 137–150

Sodium localization in the adult brain

I. Normal brain tissue
  • Eiichi Tani
  • Toshio Ametani
  • Hajime Handa
Original Investigations


Grossly visible precipitates were formed when 2% solution of potassium pyroantimonate was added to 0.01 M acetic acid, 0.1 N hydrochloric acid, or some divalent cation solutions. Localization of sodium ion in the brain of rat and cat was, therefore, studied by use of potassium pyroantimonate buffered with s-collidin. The sodium precipitates were observed mainly on the plasma membranes of neuron, astrocyte, endothelial and perivascular cells as well as erythrocyte. In the neuron, the precipitates were most numerous on the plasma membranes of terminal boutons and dendrites, particularly synapses. The dense precipitates were less in number on the plasma membranes of astrocyte, endothelial and perivascular cells than of neuron. In addition, there was some evidence of the dense precipitates localized in the extracellular space. All of the sodium precipitates shown on the plasma membranes in the brain were situated on the internal surface of the plasma membranes. Similar localization of the sodium ion was evident on the plasma membrane of the erythrocyte. The site of the sodium precipitates on the plasma membranes was discussed in relation to the distribution of Na+-K+ stimulated ATPase.


Sodium Localization Potassium Pyroantimonate Terminal Boutons Dendrites Na+-K+ Stimulated ATPase 


Bei Zugabe von 2% Kalium-Pyroantimonat zu 0,01 M Essigsäure, 0,1 N Salzsäure oder verschiedenen bivalenten Kationenlösungen werden deutlich erkennbare Präcipitate gebildet. Die Lokalisation von Na+-Ionen im Gehirn von Ratten und Katzen wurde daher mittels Kalium-Pyroantimonat gepuffert mit S-Collodin untersucht. Die Na+-Niederschläge wurden vorwiegend an den Plasmamembranen der Neuronen, Astrocyten, Endothel- und perivasculären Zellen sowie in Erythrocyten beobachtet. In den Neuronen waren die Niederschläge gehäuft an den Plasmamembranen der Endknöpfchen und Dendriten, vorwiegend an Synapsen. Dichte Präcipitate waren an den Plasmamembranen der Astrocyten, Endothel- und perivasculären Zellen weniger häufig als am Neuron. Ferner ergaben sich Hinweise für dichte Präcipitate im extracellulären Raum. Alle an den Plasmamembranen in Gehirn nachgewiesenen Na+-Niederschläge lagen an der inneren Membranoberfläche. Ähnliche Lokalisation zeigten sie an der Plasmamembran des Erythrocyten. Der Sitz der Na+-Präcipitate an den Plasmamembranen wird in bezug auf die Verteilung der Na+-K+-aktivierten ATPase diskutiert.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eiichi Tani
    • 1
  • Toshio Ametani
    • 1
  • Hajime Handa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryKyoto University Medical SchoolKyotoJapan

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