International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 34, Issue 8, pp 1615–1626

Constitution of objects in classical mechanics and in quantum mechanics

  • Peter Mittelstaedt

DOI: 10.1007/BF00676274

Cite this article as:
Mittelstaedt, P. Int J Theor Phys (1995) 34: 1615. doi:10.1007/BF00676274


The constitution of objects is discussed in classical mechanics and in quantum mechanics. The requirement of objectivity and the Galilei invariance of classical and quantum mechanics leads to the postulate of covariance which must be fulfilled by observable quantities. Objects are then considered as carriers of these covariant observables and turn out to be representations of the Galilei group. Individual systems can be defined in classical mechanics by their trajectories in phase space. However, in quantum mechanics the characterization of individuals can only be achieved approximately by means of unsharp observables.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Mittelstaedt
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische Physik der Universität zu KölnCologneGermany

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