Constitution of objects in classical mechanics and in quantum mechanics
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- Mittelstaedt, P. Int J Theor Phys (1995) 34: 1615. doi:10.1007/BF00676274
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The constitution of objects is discussed in classical mechanics and in quantum mechanics. The requirement of objectivity and the Galilei invariance of classical and quantum mechanics leads to the postulate of covariance which must be fulfilled by observable quantities. Objects are then considered as carriers of these covariant observables and turn out to be representations of the Galilei group. Individual systems can be defined in classical mechanics by their trajectories in phase space. However, in quantum mechanics the characterization of individuals can only be achieved approximately by means of unsharp observables.