Advertisement

Solar Physics

, Volume 147, Issue 1, pp 169–197 | Cite as

Solar source of the interplanetary planar magnetic structures

  • Tomoko Nakagawa
Article

Abstract

Planar magnetic structure (PMS) is an interplanetary magnetic structure in which magnetic field vectors are all parallel to a plane but highly variable in both magnitude and direction in that plane. This magnetic structure corresponds to re-entrant loops of magnetic field lines in the photosphere that emanate into interplanetary space. To find information on the generation site, occurrence properties of PMSs are investigated by using the interplanetary magnetic field data obtained by Sakigake and ISEE-3 spacecraft. No significant correlation is found between PMS occurrence and the solar wind velocity gradient which would suggest interplanetary formation of PMSs. No significant correlation is found between the PMS events and flares or filaments, either. Instead, a half of the PMSs were projected to the vicinity of the sector boundary in the source surface magnetic field, although there are exceptions when PMS appeared in the center of a sector. The PMS planes were not parallel to the current sheet at the sector boundary. Sometimes PMSs were observed recurrently at the same heliospheric longitude in successive rotations of the Sun, suggesting persistence of the source of PMS on the Sun. The orientation of the PMS planes were not conserved in the recurrent PMSs.

Keywords

Flare Solar Wind Current Sheet Interplanetary Magnetic Field Magnetic Field Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bame, S. J., Asbridge, J. R., Felthauser, H. E., Glore, J. P., Hawk, H. L., and Chavez, J.: 1978,IEEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-16, 160.Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, A.: 1979, in E. N. Parker, C. F. Kennel, and L. J. Lanzerotti (eds.),Solar System Plasma Physics, Vol. I, North-Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam, p. 251.Google Scholar
  3. Bavassano, B. and Bruno, R.: 1989,J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11977.Google Scholar
  4. Behannon, K. W., Burlaga, L. F., Hoeksema, J. T., and Klein, L. W.: 1989,J. Geophys. Res. 94, 1245.Google Scholar
  5. Belcher, J. W. and Davis, L., Jr.: 1971,J. Geophys. Res. 76, 3534.Google Scholar
  6. Belcher, J. W., Davis, L., Jr., and Smith, E. J.: 1969,J. Geophys. Res. 74, 2302.Google Scholar
  7. Burlaga, L. F.: 1989, in E. Marsch and R. Schwenn (eds.), ‘Magnetic Cloud’,Physics of the Inner Heliosphere, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland.Google Scholar
  8. Crocker, N. U., Siscoe, G. L., Shodhan, S., Webb, D. F., Smith, E. J., and Gosling, J. T.: 1993,J. Geophys. Res., submitted.Google Scholar
  9. Dryer, M.: 1975,Space Sci. Rev. 17, 277.Google Scholar
  10. Efron, L., Yeomand, D. K., and Shanzle, A. F.: 1985,J. Astron. Sci. 33, No. 3, 301.Google Scholar
  11. Farrugia, C. J., Dunlop, M. W., Geurts, F., Balogh, A., Southwood, D. J., Bryant, D. A., Neugebauer, M., and Etemadi, A.: 1990,Geophys. Res. Letters 17, 1025.Google Scholar
  12. Frandsen, A. M. A., Connor, B. V., Van Amersfoort, J., and Smith, E. J.: 1978,Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-16, 195.Google Scholar
  13. Gosling, J. T. and McComas, D. J.: 1987,Geophys. Res. Letters 14, 355.Google Scholar
  14. Gosling, J. T., Baker, D. N., Bame, S. J., Feldman, W. C., Zwickl, R. D., and Smith, E. J.: 1987,J. Geophys. Res. 92, 8519.Google Scholar
  15. Hoeksema, J. T.: 1989,Adv. Space Res. 9(4), 141.Google Scholar
  16. Klein, L. W. and Burlaga, L. F.: 1982,J. Geophys. Res. 87, 613.Google Scholar
  17. Lepping, R. P. and Behannon, K. W.: 1980,J. Geophys. Res. 85, 4695.Google Scholar
  18. McComas, D. J., Gosling, J. T., Winterhalter, D., and Smith, E. J.: 1988,J. Geophys. Res. 93, 2519.Google Scholar
  19. Nakagawa, T., Nishida, A., and Saito, T.: 1989,J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11761.Google Scholar
  20. Ness, N. F., Hundhausen, A. J., and Bame, S. J.: 1971,J. Geophys. Res. 76, 6643.Google Scholar
  21. Neugebauer, M., Clay, R. D., and Gosling, J. T.: 1993,J. Geophys. Res., submitted.Google Scholar
  22. Oyama, K.-I., Akai, K., Nakazawa, K., Hirao, K., and Tei, S.: 1984,Report 616, Inst. of Space and Astronaut. Sci., Sagamihara, Japan.Google Scholar
  23. Oyama, K.-I., Hirao, K., Hirano, T., Yumoto, K., and Saito, T.: 1986,Nature 321, 310.Google Scholar
  24. Parker, E. N.: 1958,Astrohhys. J. 128, 664.Google Scholar
  25. Roberts, D. A., Goldstein, M. L., Klein, L. W., and Matthaeus, W. H.: 1987,J. Geophys. Res. 92, 12023.Google Scholar
  26. Rosenberg, R. L. and Coleman, P. J., Jr.: 1980,J. Geophys. Res. 85, 3021.Google Scholar
  27. Russell, C. T.: 1971,Cosmic Electrodyn.2, 184.Google Scholar
  28. Schatten, K. H.: 1972, in C. P. Sonnet, P. J. Coleman, Jr., and J. W. Wilcox (ed.),Solar Wind, SP-308, NASA, Washington, D.C., p. 65.Google Scholar
  29. Siscoe, G. L., Davis, L., Jr., Coleman, P. J., Jr., Smith, E. J., and Jones, D. E.: 1968,J. Geophys. Res. 73, 61.Google Scholar
  30. Sonnerup, B. U. Ö. and Cahill, L. J., Jr.: 1967,J. Geophys. Res. 72, 171.Google Scholar
  31. Tsurutani, B. T., Gonzalez, W. D., Tang, F., Akasofu, S.-I., and Smith, E. J.: 1988,J. Geophys. Res. 93, 8519.Google Scholar
  32. Uchida, Y.: 1993,Adv. Space Res., in press.Google Scholar
  33. Wolfe, J. H.: 1972, in C. P. Sonnet, P. J. Coleman, Jr., and J. W. Wilcox (ed.),Solar Wind, SP-308, NASA, Washington, D.C., p. 170.Google Scholar
  34. Yumoto, K., Saito, T., and Nakagawa, T.: 1986,Geophys. Res. Letters 13, 825.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoko Nakagawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Tohoku Institute of TechnologyTaihaku-ku, SendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations