International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 213–230

Modular variables in quantum theory

  • Yakir Aharonov
  • Hugh Pendleton
  • Aage Petersen

DOI: 10.1007/BF00670008

Cite this article as:
Aharonov, Y., Pendleton, H. & Petersen, A. Int J Theor Phys (1969) 2: 213. doi:10.1007/BF00670008


The non-local aspects of interaction between quantum systems are investigated. These aspects are particularly conspicuous in quantum phenomena without a classical analog, such as the quantum effects of electromagnetic potentials. The study of the potential effect leads to the introduction of a new type of dynamical variable, the modular variable, which brings out the physical features of quantum mechanical non-locality.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Company Limited 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yakir Aharonov
    • 1
  • Hugh Pendleton
    • 2
  • Aage Petersen
    • 3
  1. 1.Belfer Graduate School of ScienceYeshiva UniversityNew York
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsBrandeis UniversityWaltham
  3. 3.Belfer Graduate School of ScienceYeshiva UniversityNew York

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