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Journal of comparative physiology

, Volume 109, Issue 1, pp 101–122 | Cite as

Die Informationsverarbeitung tympanaler Rezeptorelemente vonLocusta migratoria (Acrididae, Orthoptera)

  • Heiner Römer
Article

Processing of information by tympanal receptors ofLocusta migratoria (Acrididae, Orthoptera)

Summary

  1. 1.

    The reactions of tympanic nerve fibers ofLocusta migratoria were recorded by glass microelectrodes in the metathoracic ganglion.

     
  2. 2.

    The units were classified by frequency-, intensity-, and directional characteristics as well as by their response pattern. The response to speciesspecific song is compared with the response to song ofEphippiger ephippiger.

     
  3. 3.

    The physiological properties lead to a classification into three types of low-frequency neurons (characteristic frequency 3.5–4 kHz; 4kHz; 5.5–6 kHz) and one type of high-frequency neuron (12–20 kHz). This is similar to other species (Gray, 1960, Michelsen, 1971).

     
  4. 4.

    Intensity-coding is done by sharp rising intensity characteristics and by different absolute thresholds of the units.

     
  5. 5.

    There is a marked directional sensitivity with some differences between LF and HF units. In the low frequency range the tympanal organ seems to react as a pressure gradient receiver; for high frequencies another mechanism is discussed.

     
  6. 6.

    No filtering of species-specific song takes place at the level of the receptor cells.

     

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heiner Römer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Allgemeine und Systematische Zoologie der Universität HohenheimStuttgart 70Bundesrepublik Deutschland

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