Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 25, Issue 3–4, pp 421–465

NMR experiments on the superfluid phases of3He in restricted geometries

  • A. I. Ahonen
  • M. Krusius
  • M. A. Paalanen
Article

Abstract

We report transverse cw NMR measurements on the superfluid phases of3He at temperatures between 3 and 0.7 mK. Nuclear demagnetization of copper was used for refrigeration. For thermometry we employed pulsed NMR on platinum powder immersed in the liquid. The measurements on3He were carried out in two NMR coil assemblies in which the liquid was confined between parallel Mylar foils with separations of 0.37 mm and 4 µm. The transition temperatureTcwas measured at pressures between 32 bars and the saturated vapor pressure; a pressure-independent increase of ∼11% was observed inTcwith respect to earlier data obtained with the same apparatus. We found that our temperature scale is not proportional to that used in La Jolla. In the 4-µm stack we observe a reduction in the B → A transition temperature. In our measurements on the orientational anisotropy of the B phase we found qualitative agreement with the theory of Brinkman et al. We also measured the longitudinal resonance frequencies of the A and B phases between 32 bars and the polycritical point. In the 4-µm stack we found a negative NMR shift in the A phase when the field was oriented perpendicular to the Mylar plates, in agreement with the prediction of Takagi. The static susceptibility XB of the B phase was measured as a function of temperature at 18.7 and 29 bars; its low-temperature limiting value was observed to be (0.33±0.02)XN, independent of pressure. We use our data to estimate the strong coupling corrections to the size of the energy gap. The initial slope of the reduced gap in the A phase, ΔA/Tc, was found to increase by ∼25% when the pressure increased from 21.1 bars to the melting curve, whereas in the low-temperature limit ΔB(0)/Tcwas found to be independent of pressure and close to its weak coupling value.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Ahonen
    • 1
  • M. Krusius
    • 1
  • M. A. Paalanen
    • 1
  1. 1.Low Temperature LaboratoryHelsinki University of TechnologyEspooFinland

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