Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 272, Issue 1, pp 82–98 | Cite as

Adsorption of oleic acid and triolein onto various minerals and surface treated minerals

  • K. R. Rogan
Original Contributions


A systematic investigation of the adsorption of oleic acid was under-taken with various minerals and surface treated minerals, viz., kaolinite, treated kaolinites, montmorillonites, talcs, gibbsites, calcites and a treated calcite. Adsorption onto kaolinite, two of the treated kaolinites (amine and MgSiO3 treated), talcs and gibbsites was well correlated by the Langmuir model, while adsorption on the treated calcite was well correlated by the Freundlich model. Adsorption on a cationic polymer-treated kaolinite was explained in terms of a cooperative mechanism. Adsorption onto montmorillonites was explained in terms of a penetrative mechanism involving exchangeable cations.

Oleic acid adsorption was compared with triolein adsorption on one of the montmorillonites, two adsorbents produced by the surface treatment of this montmorillonite, and one of the talcs. The triolein adsorption of the montmorillonite was considerably less than its oleic acid adsorption, and was explained in terms of a cooperative mechanism. Triolein adsorption of the treated montmorillonites, and the talc was well correlated by the Langmuir model. Larger amounts of triolein were taken up by the treated montmorillonites than by the untreated montmorillonite. The triolein adsorption of the talc was greater than its oleic acid adsorption.

Key words

Adsorption oleic acid triolein minerals pitch 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Casey JP (1960) Pulp and Paper. Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rydholm SA (1965) Pulping Processes, Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Allen LH (1975) Pulp Paper Can 76:70Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Allen LH (1977) Trans Tech Sect CPPA 3:32Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Allen LH, Maine C (1978) Pulp Paper Can 79:T152Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lodzinski FP (1980) Tappi 63:163Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bergmann BE, Rying S (1975) Tappi 58:147Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Allen LH (1976) Trend 26:4Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zinkel DF (1975) Tappi 58:118Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lloyd JA (1975) Phytochem 14:483Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Farley CE (1977) Tappi Papermakers Conf p 23Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Douek M, Allen LH (1978) Tappi 61:47Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bunch BP, Coates CD (1958) Pap Trade J, p 56Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Parmentier CJ, Post R (1980) PIMA 62:33Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Holten JE, Moebus CR (1982) Pulp Paper Can 83:52Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hodgkin JH, Solomon DH (1974) J Macromol Sci-Chem A8(3):635Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Thompson III TD, Walsh TF, Botta FJ (1984) US Pat 4469639Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rogan KR, Adams JM (1992) GB Pat Specification 2250510 AGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Barrow GM (1973) Physical Chemistry. McGraw-Hill Kogakusha, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kamack HJ (1951) Analyt Chem 23:844Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Grim RE (1953) Clay Mineralogy. McGraw-Hill, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    van Olphen H (1977) An Introduction to Clay Colloid Chemistry. Wiley-Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Schramm LL, Kwak JCT (1982) Clays Clay Minerals 30:40Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Davies JT, Rideal EK (1961) Interfacial Phenomena. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Seidell A (1941) Solubilities of Organic Compounds Vol II, p 784. D van Nostrand, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Aplan FF, Fuerstenau DW (1962) Froth Flotation AIME 50th Anniversary Volume, AIME, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Allingham MM, Cullen JM, Giles CH, Jain SK, Woods JS (1958) J Appl Chem 8:108Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Fuerstenau MC, Miller JD (1967) Trans AIME 238:153Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Somasundaran P (1969) J Colloid Interface Sci 31:557Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Han KN, Healy TW, Fuerstenau DW (1973) J Colloid Interface Sci 44:407Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kipling JJ, Wright EHM (1964) J Chem Soc p 3535Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Rogan KR, Adams JM (1990) GB Pat Specification 2224019 AGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rogan KR (1992) GB Pat Application 9220737.2Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Giles CH, MacEwan TH, Nakhwa SN, Smith D (1960) J Chem Soc p 3973Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Giles CH, MacEwan TH (1957) Proc 2nd Int Conf Surf Activity 2:339Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Koganovskii AA (1962) Colloid J (USSR) 24:597Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Gaudin AM, Fuerstenau DW (1955) Trans Am Inst Min Metall Pet Eng 202:66/958Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Tanford C (1980) The Hydrophobic Effect: Formation of Micelles and Biological Membranes. John Wiley and Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Parfitt RL, Fraser AR, Farmer VC (1977) J Soil Sci 28:289Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Giles CH, Mehta HV, Rahman SMK, Stewart CE (1959) J Appl Chem 9:457Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Kipling JJ (1965) Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Mortland MM (1970) Advances in Agronomy 22:75Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Theng BKG (1974) The Chemistry of Clay-Organic Reactions. Adam Hilger, LondonGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Theng BKG (1979) Formation and Properties of Clay-Polymer Complexes. Elsevier Scientific, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Edwards AP, Bremner JM (1967) J Soil Sci 18:64Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Theng BKG, Scharpenseel HW (1975) Proc Int Clay Conf, Mexico, p 643Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Robinson RA, Stokes RH (1955) Electrolyte Solutions. Butterworths Scientific Publications, LondonGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Gast RG (1969) Soil Sci Soc Amer Proc 33:37Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Theng BKG (1976) Geoderma 15:243Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Posner AM (1966) J Soil Sci 17:65Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Law JP Jr, Kunze GW (1966) Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 30:321Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Schnitzer M, Khan SU (1972) Humic Substances in the Environment. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Schnitzer M, Kodama H (1966) Science 153:70Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Talibudeen O (1955) Trans Faraday Soc 51:582Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Hoffman RW, Brindley GW (1960) Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 20:15Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hower WF (1970) Clays Clay Minerals 18:97Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Scharpenseel HW (1966) Trans Meetings Commissions II and IV Int Soc Soil Sci Aberdeen p 41Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Kitchener JA (1965) J Photogr Sci 13:152Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Adamson AW (1967) Physical Chemistry of Surfaces. Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Smith DN (1983) The Fine Structure of Chalk, Report 4 Welwyn Hall Research AssociationGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Fuerstenau MC, Palmer BR (1976) In: Flotation AM Gaudin Memorial Volume, AIME, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Giesekke EW, Harris PJ (1984) Int Conf Miner Processing, JohannesburgGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. R. Rogan
    • 1
  1. 1.Research DepartmentECC InternationalCornwallUK

Personalised recommendations