Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 464–504 | Cite as

Coherent mechanisms of radio emission and magnetic models of pulsars

  • V. L. Ginzburg
  • V. V. Zheleznyakov
  • V. V. Zaitsev


This paper is primarily concerned with the questions of models and the mechanisms of radio emission for pulsars, the polarization of this radiation and related topic. For convenience and to provide a more complete picture of the problems involved, a short summary of the data on pulsars is also given.

Besides the introduction, the paper contains the following sections:
  1. (2)

    Some Facts about Pulsars.

  2. (3)

    The Astrophysical Nature of Pulsars.

  3. (4)

    Coherent Mechanisms of Radio Emission from Pulsars.

  4. (5)

    Models of Pulsars: Magnetic, Pulsating White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars.

  5. (6)

    The Polarization of the Radio Emission from Pulsars.

  6. (7)

    A Synthesized Model of Pulsars — Magnetic, Pulsating and Rotating Neutron Stars.

  7. (8)

    Concluding Remarks.



Radiation Neutron Star Related Topic Complete Picture Radio Emission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Hewish, A., Bell, S. J., Pilkington, J. D. H., Scott, P. F. and Collins, R. A.: 1968,Nature 217, 709.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Maran, S. P., and Cameron, A. G. W.: 1968,Physics Today 21, N8, 41.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Lotova, N. A.: 1968,Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk. 95, 293 (Engl. transl.Sov. Phys. Uspekhi).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Large, M. I., Vaughan, A. E., and Wielebinski, R.: 1968,Nature 220, 753.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Lyne, A. G. and Rickett, B. J.: 1968,Nature 219, 1339.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Ginzburg, V. L., Zheleznyakov, V. V. and Zaitsev, V. V.: 1968,Nature 220, 355.Google Scholar
  7. [6a]
    Ginzburg, V. L. and Zaitsev, V. V.: 1969,Nature 222, 230.Google Scholar
  8. [7]
    Drake, F. D. and Craft, H. D.: 1968,Nature 220, 231.Google Scholar
  9. [8]
    Craft, H. D., Comella, J. M., and Drake, F. D.: 1968,Nature 218, 1122.Google Scholar
  10. [9]
    Ginzburg, V. L.: 1964,Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves in Plasmas, Pergamon Press, London.Google Scholar
  11. [10]
    Pikelner, S. B.: 1968,Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 6, 165.Google Scholar
  12. [11]
    De Jager, C., Lyne, A. G., Pointon, L., and Ponsonby, J. E. B.: 1968,Nature 220, 128.Google Scholar
  13. [12]
    Shuter, W. L. H., Venugopal, V. R., and Mahoney, M. J.: 1968,Nature 220, 357.Google Scholar
  14. [13]
    Lyne, A. G., and Smith, F. D.: 1968,Nature 218, 124.Google Scholar
  15. [14]
    Ostriker, J.: 1968,Nature 217, 1227.Google Scholar
  16. [15]
    Pacini, F., and Salpeter, E. E.: 1968,Nature 218, 733.Google Scholar
  17. [16]
    Thorne, K. S., and Ipser, J. K.: 1968,Astrophys. J. Letters 152, L71,153, L215.Google Scholar
  18. [17]
    Thorne, K. S.: 1969,Comments on Astrophys. Space Phys. 1, N1.Google Scholar
  19. [18]
    Gold, T.: 1968,Nature 218, 731.Google Scholar
  20. [19]
    Ginzburg, V. L., and Ozernoy, L. M.: 1966,Astrophys. J. 144, 599.Google Scholar
  21. [20]
    Zheleznyakov, V. V.: 1967,Astron. Zh. 44, 42 (Engl. transl.Sov. Astron. AJ).Google Scholar
  22. [21]
    Ginzburg, V. L. and Syrovatskii, S. I.: 1969,Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 7.Google Scholar
  23. [22]
    Zheleznyakov, V. V.: 1964,Radio Emission of the Sun and the Planets, Moscow (Engl. transl. Pergamon Press).Google Scholar
  24. [23]
    Zheleznyakov, V. V.: 1966,Zh. Exper. Teor. Fiz. 51, 570.Google Scholar
  25. [23a]
    Eastlund, B. J.: 1968,Nature 220, 1293.Google Scholar
  26. [24]
    Tsytovich, V. N.: 1967,Nonlinear Effects in Plasma, Moscow; Kaplan, S. A., and Tsytovich, V. N.: 1969,Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk. 97, 77.Google Scholar
  27. [24a]
    Kaplan, S. A. and Tsytovich, V. N.:Astrophysica (in press).Google Scholar
  28. [25]
    Zheleznykov, V. V., and Zaitsev, V. V.: 1969,Astron. Zh. 46.Google Scholar
  29. [26]
    Eroukhimov, L. M.: 1969,Astrophys. Space Sci. (in press).Google Scholar
  30. [27]
    Lovelace, R. V. E. and Craft, H. D.: 1968,Nature 220, 875.Google Scholar
  31. [28]
    Ginzburg, V. L.: 1964,Dokl. Akad. Nauk. S.S.S.R. 156, 43 (Engl. transl.Sov. Phys. Doklady);Google Scholar
  32. [28a]
    Ginzburg, V. L. and Ozernoy, L. M.: 1964,Zh. Exper. Teor. Fiz. 47, 1031 (Engl. transl.Sov. Phys. JETP).Google Scholar
  33. [29]
    Woltjer, L.: 1964,Astrophys. J. 140, 1309.Google Scholar
  34. [30]
    Alfvén, H. and Fälthammar, C. G.: 1963,Cosmical Electrodynamics, Oxford.Google Scholar
  35. [31]
    Ginzburg, V. L. and Syrovatskii, S. I.: 1964,Origin of Cosmic Rays, Pergamon Press, London.Google Scholar
  36. [32]
    Syrovatskii, S. I.: 1966,Zh. Exper. Teor. Fiz. 50, 1133;Astron. Zh. 43, 340.Google Scholar
  37. [33]
    Post, R. F. and Rosenbluth, M. B.: 1966,Phys. Fluids 9, 730.Google Scholar
  38. [34]
    Trachtengerts, V.: 1968,Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (Russ.)3, 332.Google Scholar
  39. [35]
    Zeldovich, Ya. B.: 1968,Astron. Zh. 45, 913.Google Scholar
  40. [36]
    Zheleznyakov, V. V.: 1968,Astrophys. Space Sci. 2, 417.Google Scholar
  41. [37]
    Kundu, M. R. and Chitro, S. M.: 1968,Nature 218, 1037.Google Scholar
  42. [38]
    Zheleznyakov, V. V. and Slotnik, E. J.: 1963,Astron. Zh. 40, 633.Google Scholar
  43. [39]
    Zheleznyakov, V. V. and Suvorov, E. V.: 1968,Zh. Exper. Teor. Fiz. 54, 627.Google Scholar
  44. [40]
    Bratman, V. L. and Suvorov, E. V.: 1968,Zh. Exper. Teor. Fiz. 55, 1415.Google Scholar
  45. [40a]
    Craft, H. D. and Comella, J. M.: 1968,Nature 220, 675.Google Scholar
  46. [41]
    Weidemann, V.: 1968,Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 6, 351.Google Scholar
  47. [42]
    Ledoux, P., and Renson, P.: 1966,Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 4, 293.Google Scholar
  48. [43]
    Pacini, F.: 1968,Nature 219, 145.Google Scholar
  49. [44]
    Cameron, A. G. W.: 1967,High Energy Astrophysics, Les Houches Lectures, vol. 3, Gordon and Breach, New York, N.Y.Google Scholar
  50. [44a]
    Cameron, A. G. W. and Cohen, J. M.: 1968, The Instability of Stellar Structures Intermediate between White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars (Preprint). 1969.Astrophys. Letters 3, 3.Google Scholar
  51. [45]
    Wheeler, J. A.: 1966,Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 4, 393.Google Scholar
  52. [46]
    Zeldovich, Ya. B. and Novikov, I. D.: 1967,Relativistic Astrophysics, Moscow.Google Scholar
  53. [47]
    Ginzburg, V. L.: 1969,Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk. 97, N4. Comment onAstrophys. Space Phys., N3.Google Scholar
  54. [48]
    Ostriker, J. P. and Axel, L.: 1968,Astron. J. 73, N1357.Google Scholar
  55. [49]
    Ginzburg, V. L. and Kirznits, D. A.: 1968,Nature 220, 148.Google Scholar
  56. [50]
    Cameron, A. G. W.: 1965,Nature 205, 787.Google Scholar
  57. [51]
    Hoyle, F., Narlikar, J. V. and Wheeler, J. A.: 1964,Nature 203, 914.Google Scholar
  58. [52]
    Ozernoy, L. M.: 1966,Astron. Zh. 43, 300; 1968, inHighlights of Astronomy (ed. by L. Perek), Reidel, Dordrecht, p. 384.Google Scholar
  59. [52a]
    Kardashev, N. S.: 1964,Astron. Zh. 41, 5.Google Scholar
  60. [53]
    Layzer, D.: 1968,Nature 220, 247.Google Scholar
  61. [54]
    Finzi, A. and Wolf, R. A.: 1968,Astrophys. J. 153, 835.Google Scholar
  62. [55]
    Cameron, A. G. W.: 1965,Nature 206, 1342.Google Scholar
  63. [56]
    Smith, F. G.: 1968,Nature 218, 435;220, 891.Google Scholar
  64. [57]
    Ginzburg, V. L.: 1956,Dokl. Akad. Nauk. S.S.S.R. 109, 61.Google Scholar
  65. [58]
    Scheuer, P. A. G.: 1968,Nature 218, 970.Google Scholar
  66. [59]
    Eroukhimov, L. M. and Pisareva, V. V.: 1968,Astron. Circ. U.S.S.R. N489. Google Scholar
  67. [60]
    Hollweg, J. V.: 1968,Nature 220, 771.Google Scholar
  68. [61]
    Rickett, B. J. and Lane, A. G.: 1968,Nature 218, 934.Google Scholar
  69. [62]
    Guélin, M., Guibert, J., Huchtmeier, W., and Weliachew, L.: 1969,Nature 221, 249.Google Scholar
  70. [63]
    Cocke, W. J., Disney, M. J., and Taylor, D. J.: 1969,Nature,221, 525.— Nather, R. E., Warner, B., and Macfarlane, M.: 1969,Nature 221, 527.— Lynds, R., Maran, S. P., and Trumbo, D. E.: 1969,Astrophys. J. 155, L121.Google Scholar
  71. [64]
    Alekseev, Yu. I., Vitkevich, V. V., and Shitov, Yu. P.: 1969, Astron. Tsirkular USSR N 495, 24 February.Google Scholar
  72. [65]
    Radhakrishnan, V., Cooke, D. J., Komesaroff, M. M., and Morris, D.: 1969,Nature 221, 443.Google Scholar
  73. [66]
    Gold, T.: 1969,Nature 221, 25.Google Scholar
  74. [67]
    Clark, R. R. and Smith, F. G.: 1969,Nature 221, 724.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. L. Ginzburg
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. V. Zheleznyakov
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. V. Zaitsev
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Lebeděv Physical InstituteU.S.S.R. Academy of SciencesMoscowUSSR
  2. 2.Institute for RadiophysicsGorky UniversityGorkyUSSR

Personalised recommendations