Oecologia

, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 47–53

Demography of a mediterranean microtine: the Mediterranean pine vole,Microtus duodecimcostatus

  • E. Paradis
  • G. Guédon
Original Papers

Abstract

Microtus duodecimcostatus in a mediterranean vole which is not known to display spectacular increases in population numbers as in some microtine species. A population was studied in southern France with a capture-recapture method. The population included resident adults which have a high and constant survival rate (monthly estimate: 0.879), erratic adults (those caught once only), and juveniles which have a lower and constant survival rate. The adult survival rate was not sexbiased but the juvenile survival rate was higher in males (monthly estimates: 0.710 and 0.596 for males and females, respectively). Adult body weight did not vary seasonally. Residents had a higher mean body weight than erratics. Reproduction occurred all the year round. The proportion of reproductive females was higher among residents than among erratics. Population numbers varied seasonally. Our study points out thatM. duodecimcostatus is very different from microtine species which display cyclic fluctuations. Population studies on the subgenusPitymys (which containsM. duodecimcostatus and its closest related species) suggest that they are typically non-cyclic. The importance of social factors in the control of reproduction and maturation was evidenced inM. pinetorum. The role of such factors in the population regulation ofM. duodecimcostatus is discussed.

Key words

Capture-recapture Mediterranean Microtines Microtus duodecimcostatus Population fluctuations 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abramsky Z, Tracy R (1979) Population biology of a “noncycling” population of prairie voles and a hypothesis on the role of migration in regulating microtine cycles Ecology 60: 349–361Google Scholar
  2. Agrell J, Erlinge S, Nelson J, Sandell M (1992) Body weight and population dynamics: cyclic demography in a noncyclic population of the field vole (Microtus agrestis). Can J Zool 70: 494–501Google Scholar
  3. Beacham TD (1980) Survival of cohorts in a fluctuating population of the voleMicrotus townsendii. J Zool (Lond) 191: 49–60Google Scholar
  4. Begon M (1983) Abuses of mathematical techniques in ecology: applications of Jolly's capture-recapture method. Oikos 40: 155–158Google Scholar
  5. Boonstra R (1977) Effects of conspecifics on survival during population declines inMicrotus townsendii. J Anim Ecol 46: 835–851Google Scholar
  6. Boonstra R (1985) Demography ofMicrotus pennsylvanicus in southern Ontario: enumeration versus Jolly-Seber estimation compared. Can J Zool 63: 1174–1180Google Scholar
  7. Boonstra R (1989) Life history variation in maturation in fluctuating meadow vole populations (Microtus pennsylvanicus). Oikos 54: 265–274Google Scholar
  8. Boonstra R, Boag PT (1987) A test of the Chitty hypothesis: inheritance of life-history traits in meadow volesMicrotus pennsylvanicus. Evolution 41: 929–947Google Scholar
  9. Boonstra R, Krebs CJ, Gaines MS, Johnson ML, Craine ITM (1987) Natal philopatry and breeding systems in voles (Microtus spp.). J Anim Ecol 56: 655–673Google Scholar
  10. Bujalska G (1970) Reproduction stabilizing elements in an island population ofClethrionomys glareolus (Schreber 1780). Acta Theriol 15: 381–412Google Scholar
  11. Burns GR (1981) Population dynamics of island populations of subarcticClethrionomys rutilus. Can J Zool 59: 2115–2122Google Scholar
  12. Chitty D (1967) The natural selection of self-regulatory behaviour in animal populations. Proc Ecol Soc Aust 2: 51–78Google Scholar
  13. Cockburn A, Lidicker WZ Jr (1983) Microhabitat heterogeneity and population ecology of herbivorous rodent,Microtus californicus. Oecologia 59: 167–177Google Scholar
  14. Cohen-Shlagman L Yom-Tov Y, Hellwing S (1984) The biology of the Levant vole,Microtus guentheri in Israel. I. Population dynamics in the field. Z Säugetierk 49: 135–147Google Scholar
  15. Cornbower TR, Kirkland GL Jr (1983) Comparisons of pine vole (Pitymys pinetorum) populations from orchards and natural habitats in south central Pennsylvania. Proc Pa Acad Sci 57: 147–154Google Scholar
  16. Delattre P, Giraudoux P, Baudry J, Musard P, Toussaint M, Truchetet D, Stahl P, Lazarine Poule M, Artois M, Damange J-P, Quéré J-P (1992) Land use patterns and types of common volc (Microutus arvalis) population kinetics. Agric Ecosyst Environ 39: 153–169Google Scholar
  17. Efford M (1992) Comment-Revised estimates of the bias in the ‘minimum number alive’ estimator. Can J Zool 70: 628–631Google Scholar
  18. Elton CS (1942) Voles, mice and lemmings. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. Erlinge S, Göransson G, Hansson L, Högstedt G, Liberg O, Nilsson IN, Nilsson T, Schantz TV, Sylvén M (1983) Predation as a regulating factor on small rodent populations in southern Sweden. Oikos 40: 36–52Google Scholar
  20. Erlinge S, Göransson G, Högstedt G, Jansson G, Liberg O, Loman J, Nilsson IN, Schantz TV, Sylvén M (1984) Can vertebrate predators regulate their prey? Am Nat 123: 125–133Google Scholar
  21. Erlinge S, Göransson G, Högstedt G, Jansson G, Liberg O, Loman J, Nilsson IN, Schantz TV, Sylvén M (1988) More thoughts on vertebrate predator regulation of prey. Am Nat 132 148–154Google Scholar
  22. Fuller WA (1977) Demography of a subarctic population ofClethrionomys gapperi: numbers and survival. Can J Zool 55: 42–51Google Scholar
  23. Garsd A, Howard WE (1982) Microtine population fluctuation: an ecosystem approach based on time-series analysis. J Anim Ecol 51: 225–234Google Scholar
  24. Getz LL, Hofmann JE, Klatt BJ, Verner L, Cole FR, Lindroth RL (1987) Fourteen years of population fluctuations ofMicrotus ochrogaster andM. pennsylvanicus in east central Illinois. Can J Zool 65: 1317–1325Google Scholar
  25. Gilbert BS, Krebs CJ (1991) Population dynamics ofClethrionomys andPeromyscus in southwestern Yukon 1973–1989. Holarct Ecol 14: 250–259Google Scholar
  26. Gliwicz J (1989) Individuals and populations of the bank vole in optimal, suboptimal and insular habitats. J Anim Ecol 58: 237–247Google Scholar
  27. Greenwood PJ (1980) Mating systems, philopatry and dispersal in birds and mammals. Anim Behav 28: 1140–1162Google Scholar
  28. Guédon G, Pascal M, Mazouin F (1991) Le campagnol provençal en captivité (Pitymys duodecimcostatus de Sélys-Longchamps, 1839) (Rongeurs, Microtidés) I. La reproduction. Mammalia 55: 97–106Google Scholar
  29. Guédon G, Paradis E, Croset H (1992) Capture-recapture study of a population of the mediterranean pine vole (Microtus duodecimcostatus) in southern France. Z Säugetier 57: 364–372Google Scholar
  30. Hanski I, Hansson L, Henttonen H (1991) Specialis predators, generalist predators, and the microtine cycle. J Anim Ecol 60: 353–367Google Scholar
  31. Hansson L (1984a) Predation as the factor causing extended low densities in microtine cycles. Oikos 43: 255–256Google Scholar
  32. Hansson L (1984b) Composition of cyclic and non-cyclic vole populations: on the causes of variation in individual quality amongClethrionomys glareolus in Sweden. Oecologia 63: 199–206Google Scholar
  33. Hansson L (1988) Parent-offspring correlations for growth and reproduction in the voleClethrionomys glareolus in relation to the Chitty Hypothesis. Z Säugetierk 53: 7–10Google Scholar
  34. Hansson L (1992) Fitness and life history correlates of weight variations in small mammals. Oikos 64: 479–484Google Scholar
  35. Hansson L, Henttonen H (1985) Gradients in density variations of small rodents: the importance of latitude and snow cover. Oecologia 67: 394–402Google Scholar
  36. Hansson L, Henttonen H (1988) Rodent dynamics as community processes. Trends Ecol Evol 3: 195–200Google Scholar
  37. Henttonen H (1985) Predation causing extended low densities in microtine cycles: further evidence from shrew dynamics. Oikos 45: 156–157Google Scholar
  38. Henttonen H, McGuire AD, Hansson L (1985) Comparisons of amplitude and frequencies (spectral analysis) of density variations in long-term data sets ofClethrionomys species. Ann Zool Fenn 22: 221–227Google Scholar
  39. Hörnfeldt B (1991) Cycles of voles, predators, and alternative prey in boreal Sweden. PhD dissertation, University of UmeåGoogle Scholar
  40. Keller BL (1985) Reproductive patterns. In: Tamarin RH (ed) Biology of New WorldMicrotus. Spec Publ Am Soc Mammal 8: 725–778Google Scholar
  41. Korpimäki E, Norrdahl K, Rinta-Jaskari T (1991) Responses of stoats and least weasels to fluctuating food abundances: is the low phase of the vole cycle due to mustelid predation? Oecologia 88: 552–561Google Scholar
  42. Krebs CJ (1979) Dispersal, spacing behaviour, and genetics in relation to population fluctuations in the voleMicrotus townsendii. Fortschr Zool 25: 61–77Google Scholar
  43. Krebs CJ, Myers JH (1974) Population cycles in small mammals. Adv Ecol Res 8: 267–399Google Scholar
  44. Krebs CJ, Keller BL, Tamarin RH (1969)Microtus population biology: demographic changes in fluctuating populations ofM. ochrogaster andM. pennsylvanicus in southern Indiana. Ecology 50: 587–607Google Scholar
  45. Lebreton JD, Burnham KP, Clobert J, Anderson DR (1992) Modeling survival and testing biological hypotheses using marked animals: a unified approach with case studies. Ecol Monogr 62: 67–118Google Scholar
  46. Lefebvre LW, Otis DL, Holler NR (1982) Comparison of open and closed models for cotton rat population estimates. J Wildl Manage 46: 156–163Google Scholar
  47. Lidicker WZ Jr (1973) Regulation of numbers in an island population of the California vole, a problem in community dynamics. Ecol Monogr 43: 271–302Google Scholar
  48. Lidicker WZ Jr (1985) Population structuring as a factor in understanding microtine cycles. Acta Zool Fenn 173: 23–27Google Scholar
  49. Lidicker WZ Jr, Ostfeld RS (1991) Extra-large body size in California voles: causes and fitness consequences. Oikos 61: 108–121Google Scholar
  50. Menkens GE Jr., Anderson SH (1988) Estimation of small-mammal population size. Ecology 69: 1952–1959Google Scholar
  51. Mihok S, Turner BN, Iverson SL (1985) The characterization of vole population dynamics. Ecol Monogr 55: 399–420Google Scholar
  52. Miller DH, Getz LL (1969) Life-history notes onMicrotus pinetorum in Central Connecticut. J Mammal 50: 777–784Google Scholar
  53. Myllymäki A (1977) Demographic mechanisms in the fluctuating populations of the field voleMicrotus agrestis. Oikos 29: 468–493Google Scholar
  54. Nadeau JH (1985) Ontogeny. In: Tamarin RH (ed) Biology of New WorldMicrotus. Spec Publ Am Soc Mammal 8: 254–285Google Scholar
  55. Nelson J, Agrell J, Erlinge S, Sandell M (1991) Reproduction of different female age categories and dynamics in a non-cyclic field vole,Microtus agrestis, population. Oikos 61: 73–78Google Scholar
  56. Nichols JD, Pollock KH (1983) Estimation methodology in contemporary small mammal capture-recapture studies. J Mammal 64: 253–260Google Scholar
  57. Nichols JD, Pollock KH (1990) Estimation of recruitment from immigration versus in situ reproduction using Pollock's robust design. Ecology 71: 21–26Google Scholar
  58. Nowak RM (1991) Walker's mammals of the world, 5th edn. Johns Hopkins University Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  59. Ostfeld RS (1988) Fluctuations and constancy in populations of small rodents. Am Nat 131: 445–452Google Scholar
  60. Paradis E, Guédon G, Pradel R, (1993) Estimation of sex- and age-related survival rates in a microtine population. J Wildl Manage 57: 158–163Google Scholar
  61. Pascal M (1984) Méthode d'échantillonnage d'un rongeur souterain, la forme fouisseuse du campagnol terrestre (Arvicola terrestris scherman). Recherche des limites d'utilisation de la méthode. Acta Oecol Oecol Appl 5: 303–317Google Scholar
  62. Pelikán J (1973) Notes on the reproduction ofPitymys subterraneus (de Sél. Long). Zool Listy 22: 285–296Google Scholar
  63. Pérez-Suárez G (1987) Morfofisiologia y pigmentos respiratorios en dos micromamiferos ibericos:Apodemus sylvaticus yPitymys duodecimcostatus. PhD Dissertation, University of Madrid, SpainGoogle Scholar
  64. Pokki J (1981) Distribution, demography and dispersal of the field vole,Microtus agrestis (L.), in the Tvärmine archipelago, Finland. Acta Zool Fenn 164: 1–48Google Scholar
  65. Renzullo PO, Richmond ME (1982) Status of winter populations of pine voles (Microtus pinetorum). In: Byers RE (ed) Proceedings of the sixth eastern pine and meadow vole symposium. Harpers Ferry, WV, 10–12 March, pp 62–66Google Scholar
  66. Ribble DO (1992) Dispersal in a monogamous rodent,Peromyscus californicus. Ecology 73: 859–866Google Scholar
  67. Salvioni M (1986) Domaines vitaux, relations sociales et rythmes d'activité de trois espèces dePitymys (Mammalia, Rodentia). PhD Dissertation, University of LausanneGoogle Scholar
  68. Schadler MH (1980) The effect of crowding on the maturation of gonads in pine voles,Microtus pinetorum. J Mammal 61: 769–774Google Scholar
  69. Schadler MH (1985) Strange males cause death or suppression of growth in infant pine voles,Microtus pinetorum. J Mammal 66: 387–390Google Scholar
  70. Schadler MH, Butterstein GM (1979) Reproduction in the pine vole,Microtus pinetorum. J Mammal 60: 841–844Google Scholar
  71. Sterba O, Hrabe V, Zima J (1986) Reproduction in a population ofPitymys subterraneus from the Tatras under conditions of high population density. Folia Zool 35: 215–228Google Scholar
  72. Taitt MJ, Krebs CJ (1985) Population dynamics and cycles. In: Tamarin RH (ed) Biology of New WorldMicrotus. Spec Publ Am Soc Mammal 8: 567–620Google Scholar
  73. Tamarin RH (1978) Dispersal, population regulation, and K-selection in field mice. Am Nat 112: 545–555Google Scholar
  74. Valentine GL, Kirkpatrick RL (1970) Seasonal changes in reproductive and related organs in the pine vole,Microtus pinetorum, in southwestern Virginia. J Mammal 51: 553–560Google Scholar
  75. Viitala J (1977) Social organization in cyclic subarctic populations of the volesClethrionomys rufocanus (Sund.) andMicrotus agrestis (L.) Ann Zool Fenn 14: 53–93Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Paradis
    • 1
  • G. Guédon
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d'Eco-éthologie, Institute des Sciences de l'EvolutionUniversité Montpellier IIMontpellier cédex 5France
  2. 2.Délégation régionale ACTAMaison de l'Agriculture de VendéeLa Roche-sur-Yon cédexFrance

Personalised recommendations