Advertisement

Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 335–348 | Cite as

Solubility of gases in liquids. XVI. Henry's law coefficients for nitrogen in water at 5 to 50°C

  • T. R. Rettich
  • Rubin Battino
  • Emmerich Wilhelm
Article

Abstract

The solubility of nitrogen in pure liquid water was measured in the pressure range 45 to 115 kPa and in the temperature range 5 to 50°C. These data are used to obtain Henry coefficients H 2,1 (T,P s,1 ) at the vapor pressure P s,1 of water. The temperature dependence of H 2,1 (T,P s,1 ) is accounted for by both a Clarke-Glew (CG) type fitting equation, and a power series in T−1, as suggested by Benson and Krause (BK). The imprecision of our measurements is characterized by an average deviation of ±0.038% from a four-term CG equation, and by an average deviation of ±0.042% from a three-term BK equation. From the temperature variation of H 2,1 (T,P s,1 ) partial molar quantities referring to the solution process, such as enthalpies and heat capacities of solution, are obtained. They are given in tabular form, together with H 2,1 (T,P s,1 ) and derived Ostwald coefficients L, at rounded temperatures. Finally, experimental results are compared with values calculated via scaled particle theory.

Key words

Solubility Henry's law coefficients Ostwald coefficients aqueous solutions nitrogen 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. Wilhelm, R. Battino, and R. J. Wilcock,Chem. Rev. 77, 219 (1977).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Wilhelm, inMixtures of Non-Electrolytes and Intermolecular Interactions, H. Schuberth, ed., (Martin Luther University Press, Halle (GDR), 1984), in press.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oxygen and Ozone, IUPAC Solubility Data Series, Vol. 7, R. Battino, ed., (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1981).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Battino, T. R. Rettich, and T. Tominaga,J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 12, 163 (1983).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. B. Benson, D. Krause, and M. A. Peterson,J. Solution Chem. 8, 655 (1979).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. R. Rettich, Y. P. Handa, R. Battino, and E. Wilhelm,J. Phys. Chem. 85, 3230 (1981).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nitrogen and Air, IUPAC Solubility Data Series, Vol. 10, R. Battino, ed., (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1982).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Battino, T. R. Rettich, and T. Tominaga,J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 13, (1984), in press.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. R. Rettich, R. Battino, and E. Wilhelm,Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 86, 1128 (1982).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. WilhelmNitrogen and Air, IUPAC Solubility Data Series, Vol. 10, R. Battino, ed., (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1982) pp. 20–28.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. C. W. Clarke and D. N. Glew,Trans. Faraday Soc. 62, 539 (1966). For a condensed treatment see P. D. Bolton,J. Chem. Educ. 47, 638 (1970).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. B. Benson and D. Krause,J. Chem. Phys. 64, 689 (1976).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Battino, M. Banzhof, M. Bogan, and E. Wilhelm,Anal. Chem. 43, 806 (1971).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. W. Washburn, inInternational Critical Tables, Vol. III, E. W. Washburn, ed., (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1928).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Pocock and C. J. Wormald,J. Chem. Soc. Faraday I 71, 705 (1975).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. H. Dymond and E. B. Smith,The Virial Coefficients of Pure Gases and Mixtures. A Critical Compilation, (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1980).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pure Appl. Chem. 47, 75 (1976).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. L. McGlashan,Pure Appl. Chem. 51, 1 (1979).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. S. Kell,J. Chem. Eng. Data 20, 97 (1975).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Kobayashi and D. L. Katz,Ind. Eng. Chem. 45, 440 (1953).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    I. Lauder,Aust. J. Chem. 12, 40 (1959).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Enns, P. F. Scholander, and E. D. Bradstreet,J. Phys. Chem. 69, 389 (1965).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    T. D. O'Sullivan and N. O. Smith,J. Phys. Chem. 74, 1460 (1970).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. C. Moore, R. Battino, T. R. Rettich, Y. P. Handa, and E. Wilhelm,J. Chem. Eng. Data 27, 22 (1982).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. P. O'Connell, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1967.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Rigby and J. M. Prausnitz,J. Phys. Chem. 72, 330 (1968).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    P. Richards, C. J. Wormald, and T. K. Yerlett,J. Chem. Thermodyn. 13, 623 (1981).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    C. Tsonopoulos,Adv. Chem. Ser. 182, 143 (1979).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    R. de Santis, G. J. F. Breedveld, and J. M. Prausnitz,Ind. Eng. Chem., Process Des. Develop. 13, 374 (1974).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. Ambrose and I. J. Lawrenson,J. Chem. Thermodyn. 4, 755 (1972).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. F. Weiss,Deep-Sea Res. 17, 721 (1970).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    P. R. Bevington,Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    C. N. Murray, J. P. Riley, and T. R. S. Wilson,Deep-Sea Res. 16, 297 (1969).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    E. Wilhelm,Thermochim. Acta 69, 1 (1983).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    R. Battino and K. N. Marsh,Aust. J. Chem. 33, 1997 (1980).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. J. Gill and I. Wadso,J. Chem. Thermodyn. 14, 905 (1982).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    D. M. Himmelblau,J. Chem. Eng. Data 5, 10 (1960).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    R. A. Pierotti,J. Phys. Chem. 69, 281 (1965).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    R. A. Pierotti,Chem. Rev. 76, 717 (1976).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    J. P. M. Postma, H. J. C. Berendsen, and J. R. Haak,Faraday Symp. Chem. Soc. 17, 55 (1982).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. A. Pierotti,J. Phys. Chem. 67, 1840 (1963).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    E. Wilhelm and R. Battino,J. Chem. Thermodyn. 3, 379 (1971).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    E. Wilhelm and R. Battino,J. Chem. Phys. 55, 4012 (1971).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    E. Wilhelm,J. Chem. Phys. 58, 3558 (1973).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    G. Schulze and J. M. Prausnitz,Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 20, 175 (1981).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. R. Rettich
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rubin Battino
    • 1
  • Emmerich Wilhelm
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryWright State UniversityDayton
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryIllinois Wesleyan UniversityBloomington
  3. 3.Institut Für Physikalische ChemieUniversität WienWienAustria

Personalised recommendations