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Precision measurement of the Sun's gravitational field by means of the twin probe method

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Abstract

An accurate measurement of the gravitational field of the Sun, needed for the verification of the theories of gravitation, requires the use of a geodesic test body. To eliminate the effect of non-gravitational forces (mainly the solar radiation pressure) we propose to use two twin space probes, whose surface has identical geometrical and optical properties, but with different mass. Their differential motion leads to the determination of the motion of an ideal geodesic point. We discuss in detail the various conditions which are needed to ensure the required degree of identity and submit as a possible solution two cylindrical probes, whose sides are covered by ‘cavities’ to make them absorbing, rotating at a fast rate around an axis orthogonal to the ecliptic plane. We discuss briefly also the accuracy in the determination of the parameters of the metric field of the Sun obtainable from range measurements.

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References

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Work done at the European Space Research Institute, Frascati, Italy

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Bertotti, B., Colombo, G. Precision measurement of the Sun's gravitational field by means of the twin probe method. Astrophys Space Sci 17, 223–237 (1972). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00642553

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Keywords

  • Optical Property
  • Solar Radiation
  • Fast Rate
  • Space Probe
  • Gravitational Field