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Vortex flow of matter around a singularity and a galactic hypothesis of Jeans

Abstract

When compact objects or black holes move through a fluid medium, or when turbulent plasma and magnetic fields so conspire, a gas flow is set up which closely resembles the flow of water down a plug-hole (Section 1). A similar hypothesis, but in reverse, was suggested by Jeans in 1928, and would nowadays be referred to as the white hole concept. The dynamics of the flow (Section 2) lead to expressions for the rotational velocity of the fluid far away from (2.1) and near to (2.2) the origin of the vorticity. Rotation curves derived from the model (Section 3) are closely akin to actual galactic rotation curves, but observational data on the latter are not precise enough to permit a delineation to be made between (i) flow around a singularity and (ii) flow around a non-singular sink or source. The other acceptable model, that of (iii) a spreading line vortex, is ruled out by comparison with astrophysical observations (Section 4). The basic analysis for all the models shows that the old problem of the winding-up of spiral arms can be avoided, since the galactic flow system is in a steady state. Section 5 identifies Jeans' speculation as being a hypothesis compatible with singular vortex flow and so with observation, but perhaps not with the usual interpretation of general relativity metrics, even though the requisite dual space does complete the topology in a mathematically satsifying manner. Section 6 concludes that the predictions of the hypothesis of vortex flow agree with the shape, dynamics and structure of galaxies.

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Wesson, P.S. Vortex flow of matter around a singularity and a galactic hypothesis of Jeans. Astrophys Space Sci 28, 289–302 (1974). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00641929

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Keywords

  • Vortex
  • Black Hole
  • Vorticity
  • Line Vortex
  • Rotation Curve