It is established that tetrafluoroboric acid (HBF4) is an effective catalyst for halogen substitution reactions of oxiranes (epichlorohydrin and 1-bromo-3-methyl-2,3-epoxybutane) with aldehydes and ketones, forming 1,3-dioxolanes in high yields.
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Gevorkyan, A.A., Kazaryan, P.I., Avakyan, O.V. et al. Tetrafluoroboric acid — A new catalyst for the synthesis of 1,3-dioxolanes. Preparation of hydroxyacetone. Chem Heterocycl Compd 27, 27–30 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00633210
- Organic Chemistry
- Substitution Reaction