Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Snowmelt in a boreal forest site: an integrated model of meltwater quality (SNOQUALI)

  • 35 Accesses

  • 6 Citations

Abstract

An integrated model (SNOQUALI) for the simulation of meltwater quality has been developed for a boreal forest site (Lake Laflamme, Québec). The model consists of a physical module and a chemical module; it has been validated for H+, NO3 and SO4 2− concentrations in discharge from the snowcover during the spring melt of 1984. Good agreement of simulated ion concentrations with those measured in the field were obtained for the strong acid anions NO3 and SO4 2−. Greater deviations of simulated concentrations from observed concentrations were recorded in the case of H+. These are attributed to ion exchange reactions between the ion and the organic debris which is deposited continously onto the snowcover from the forest canopy during the winter season.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Anderson, E.A.: 1973, ‘National Weather Service River Forecast System. Snow Accumulation and Ablation Model’. NOAA Tech. Mem. NWS Hydro-17 U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Silver Spring, Md.

  2. Booty, W.G.: 1983, ‘Watershed Acidification Model and the Soil Acid Neutralization Capacity’, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis; McMaster University, Ontario.

  3. Christophersen, N., Dymbe, L.H., Johannessen, M., and Seip, H.M.: 1984,Ecological Modelling 21, 35.

  4. Foster, P.: 1978, 'The Modelling of Pollutant Concentration during Snowmelt' Central Electricity Research Laboratories, U.K. Lab. note #RD/L/N 46/78.

  5. Goldstein, R.A., Gherini, S.A., Chen, C.W., Mok, L., and Hudson, R.J.M.: 1984,Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 305, 409.

  6. Johannessen, M. and Henriksen, A.: 1978,Water Resources Research 14: 615.

  7. Jones, H.G. and Sochanska, W.: 1985,Annals of Glaciology,7: 167.

  8. Jones, H.G., Sochanska, W., Charette, J.Y., and Stein, J.: 1985, ‘Aspects Qualitatifs du Développement au Bassin du Lac Laflamme d'un Modèle Prédictif de l'Impact des Précipitations Acides: Phase de la Fonte Printanière de 1984’, INRS-Eau rapport scientifique no. 182, Environment Canada, Québec Region.

  9. Seip, H.M.: 1980, ‘Acid Snow — Snowpack Chemistry and Snowmelt,’ in ‘Effects of Acid Precipitation on Terrestrial Ecosystems.’ Hutchinson, T.C. and Havas, M. eds. Plenum Press, N.Y. pp. 77–94.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Jones, H.G., Sochanska, W., Stein, J. et al. Snowmelt in a boreal forest site: an integrated model of meltwater quality (SNOQUALI). Water Air Soil Pollut 31, 431–439 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00630861

Download citation

Keywords

  • Exchange Reaction
  • SO42
  • Winter Season
  • Integrate Model
  • Strong Acid