Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Early sterile autopsy in etiological studies on multiple sclerosis

  • 16 Accesses

  • 7 Citations

Summary

The clinical findings and course in the first 2 cases of multiple sclerosis are described, in whom it was possible to isolate a virus from brain tissue by early sterile autopsy and fusion technique. It is noteworthy that in one of these cases multiple sclerosis probably occurred in female members of the family through three consecutive generations. A report is made on an additional case, in which no virus could be isolated, but in which electron microscopic studies showed two types of virus particles: nucleocapsid-like structures and particles identical in form and size with papova virus. Electron microscopic findings and attempts to cultivate a virus in multiple sclerosis published by other authors are discussed. It is pointed out, that the results described provide as yet no proof for the viral etiology of multiple sclerosis. They support the hypothesis, however, that a virus may play an essential role in the etiology and/or pathogenesis of this disease.

Problems in relation to brain biopsy in multiple sclerosis patients are discussed. Early sterile autopsy is considered the most practicable possibility for obtaining tissue material for culturing and for ultrastructural studies in multiple sclerosis.

Zusammenfassung

Die klinischen Befunde und der Verlauf in 2 Fällen von multipler Sklerose, in denen es erstmalig gelungen ist, durch Früh/Steril-Autopsie und Fusionstechnik ein Virus aus Hirngewebe zu züchten, werden geschildert, Einer dieser Fälle ist dadurch noch bemerkenswert, daß in drei konsekutiven Generationen — Großmutter, Mutter und Tochter — eine multiple Sklerose vorhanden war. Über einen weiteren Fall von MS wird berichtet, in welchem elektronenoptisch zwei verschiedene Typen virusartiger Partikel zur Darstellung gelangten: nucleokapsidartige und Anhäufung von Partikeln, die nach Form und Größe Papova-Viren entsprachen. Die bisher publizierten elektronenoptischen Befunde und Versuche, ein Virus bei der MS zu züchten, werden diskutiert. Es wird hervorgehoben, daß die geschilderten Ergebnisse noch keinen Beweis für die virale Genese der multiplen Sklerose darstellen. Sie unterstützen jedoch die Hypothese, daß Viren in der Ätiologie und/oder Pathogenese dieses Nervenleidens von Bedeutung sein könnten.

Die Problematik der Biopsie bei MS-Kranken wird diskutiert und der Stand-punkt vertreten, daß die Früh/Steril-Autopsie die praktikabelste Möglichkeit zur Gewinnung von Material für die Gewebezüchtung und für ultrastrukturelle Studien bei der multiplen Sklerose darstellt.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Andrews, J. M., Andrews, R. L.: The significance of dense core particles in subacute demyelinating disease in an adult. Lab. Invest.28, 236–243 (1973)

  2. Bauer, H. J.: History, facts, problems and clinical aspects of multiple sclerosis in pathogenesis and etiology of demyelinating diseases, pp. 3–21. Basel-New York: Karger 1969

  3. Brody, J. A.: Epidemiology of multiple sclerosis and a possible virus aetiology. Lancet1972 II, 173–176

  4. Brody, J. A., Sever, J. L., Edgar, A., Mc New, J.: Measles antibody titers of multiple sclerosis patients and their siblings. Neurology (Minneap.)22, 492–499 (1972)

  5. Cathala, F., Brown, P.: The possible viral aetiology of disseminated sclerosis. Royal College of Pathologists — Host-Virus Reactions. Sympos. Suppl. 141–151 (1972)

  6. Dalton, A. J., Haguenau, F.: Ultrastructure of animal viruses and bacteriophages. New York: Academic Press 1973

  7. Du Bois-Dalcq, M., Raine, C. S., Schumacher, G. A., Sever, J. L.: Ultrastructure of CNS plaques from a case of acute multiple sclerosis. 49th Annual Meeting American Assoc. Neuropathol. 1973

  8. Field, E. J., Cowshall, S., Narang, H. K., Bell: Viruses in multiple sclerosis. Lancet1972 II, 280–281

  9. Field, E. J., Raine, C. S.: Examination of multiple sclerosis biopsy specimen. In: Third European Regional Congress on Electron Microscopy, Vol. 2, p. 189, Prague 1964

  10. Iwasaki, Y., Koprowski, H., Müller, D., ter Meulen, V., Käckell, Y. M.: Morphogenesis and structure of a virus in cells cultured from brain tissue from two cases of multiple sclerosis. Lab. Invest.28, 494–500 (1973)

  11. Johnson, R. T., Weiner, L. P.: The role of viral infections in demyelinating diseases. In: Multiple sclerosis, immunology, virology and ultrastructure, pp. 245–262. New York-London: Academic Press 1972

  12. Koprowski, H., Barbanti-Brodano, G., Katz, M.: Interaction between papova-like virus and paramyxovirus in human brain cells: a hypothesis. Nature (Lond.)225, 1045–1047 (1970)

  13. Marx, J. L.: Slow viruses: role in persistent disease. Science180, 1351–1354 (1973)

  14. ter Meulen, V., Koprowski, H., Iwasaki, Y., Käckell, Y. M., Müller, D.: Fusion of cultured multiple-sclerosis brain cells with indicator cells: presence of nucleocapsids and virions and isolation of parainfluenza-type virus. Lancet1972 IIa, 1–5

  15. ter Meulen, V., Müller, D., Käckell, Y., Katz, M.: Isolation of infectious measles virus in measles encephalitis. Lancet1972 II, 1172–1175

  16. Narang, H. K., Field, E. J.: Paramyxovirus like tubules in multiple sclerosis biopsy material. Acta neuropath. (Berl.)25, 281–290 (1973)

  17. Panelius, M., Salmi, A., Halonen, P. E., Kivalo, E., Rinne, U. K., Penttinen, K.: Virus antibodies in serum specimens from patients with multiple sclerosis from siblings, and matched controls, a final report. Acta neurol. scand.49, 85–107 (1973)

  18. Périer, O., Grégoire, A.: Electron microscopic features of multiple sclerosis lesions. Brain88, 937–952 (1967)

  19. Prineas, J.: Paramyxovirus-like particles associated with acute demyelination in chronic relapsing multiple sclerosis. Science178, 760–763 (1972)

  20. Riekinnen, P. J.: Discussion report, Symposium on Multiple Sclerosis, X Internat. Congress of Neurology, Barcelona 1973

  21. Rinne, U. K.: Electron microscopy of a multiple sclerosis biopsy. Ann. Med. Intern. Fenn.57, 179–183 (1968)

  22. Roeder, F., Müller, D., Dames, K.: Die stereotaktische Behandlung der Ataxie bei der Multiplen Sklerose. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Gewinnung von Biopsiematerial. Report at MS-Workshop, Göttingen 1969

  23. Seitelberger, F., Sluga, E.: Morphologische Aspekte der immunosuppressiven Therapie der MS. Report at MS-Workshop, Göttingen 1969

  24. Suzuki, K., Andrews, J. M., Waltz, J. M., Terry, R. D.: Ultrastructural studies of multiple sclerosis. Lab. Invest.20, 444–454 (1969)

  25. ZuRhein, G. M.: Ultrastructural studies in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, a demyelinating disease of man of probable viral etiology. In: Pathogenesis and etiology of demyelinating disease, pp. 463–487. Basel: Karger 1969

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Schwerpunktprogramm “Multiple Sklerose und verwandte Entmarkungskrankheiten“.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Bauer, H.J., ter Meulen, V., Koprowski, H. et al. Early sterile autopsy in etiological studies on multiple sclerosis. J. Neurol 208, 159–174 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00630630

Download citation

Key words

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Autopsy, early sterile
  • Etiology
  • Virus isolation
  • Virus-like particles in csf-findings