European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 197–207 | Cite as

Pharmacokinetics of furosemide in man after intravenous and oral administration. Application of moment analysis

  • M. M. Hammarlund
  • L. K. Paalzow
  • B. Odlind


Furosemide 40 mg was administered to 8 healthy subjects as an i.v. bolus dose, as 1 tablet in the fasting state, and as 1 tablet and a solution after food intake. The i.v. data gave a total body clearance of 162±10.8 ml/min and a renal clearance of 117±11.3 ml/min; the volume of distribution at steady state was 8.3±0.61. Oral administration gave a bioavailability of the tablet (fasting) of 51%. Food intake slightly reduced the bioavailability, but not to a significant extent. There was no significant difference in availability between the tablet and the solution. Moment analysis gave a mean residence time after the i.v. dose, MRTi.v., of 51±1.5 min. The mean absorption times (MAT) for all oral doses were significantly longer than the MRTi.v., indicating absorption rate-limited kinetics of furosemide. On average, food delayed the absorption by 60 min. The MAT for the tablet in the postprandial state was significantly longer than for the solution, indicating dissolution rate-limited absorption of the tablet.

Key words

furosemide bioavailability pharmacokinetics oral administration i.v. administration drug absorption moment analysis food effect dissolution effect 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. Hammarlund
    • 1
  • L. K. Paalzow
    • 1
  • B. Odlind
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biopharmaceutics and PharmacokineticsUniversity of UppsalaUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity HospitalUppsalaSweden

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