Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 329, Issue 6, pp 728–731 | Cite as

Determination of phenol in water by flow injection analysis

  • Jürgen Möller
  • Michel Martin
Lectures and Posters Applications

Summary

The adaptation of the manual standard method for the determination of phenols is described, e.g., condensation with 4-amino-antipyrine with subsequent oxidation and spectrophotometric detection. A FIA manifold for the automation of the phenol determination in the ranges 0.05–1.0 ppm and 1–15 ppm is presented. At a maximum injection frequency of 105/h the repeatability of consecutive injections is generally better than 1.5% r.s.d. resp. 1.0% r.s.d. By application of a new extraction module also the chloroform extraction step of the formed dye is automized. Compared to the direct FIA manifold a maximum sensitivity enhancement of 3.5 is obtained. The detection limit is 0.005 ppm phenol. In addition to the FIA methods a forced steam distillation procedure is described, which allows the distillation of phenols within 2–5 min.

Bestimmung von Phenol im Wasser mit Hilfe der Fließ-Injektionsanalyse

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Mohler EF, Jacob LN (1957) Anal Chem 29:1369–1374Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Emerson E, Beacham HH, Beegle LC (1943) J Org Chem 8:417–428Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    German standard methods for the examination of water, waste water and sludge; general measures of effects and substances (group H): determination of the phenol index (H 16); DIN 38409, part 16 (1984) Beuth Verlag GmbH, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 16th edn (1985), part 510. American Public Health Association, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Recueil de normes francaises, eaux, methodes d'essais, 1st edn (1979). T90-109 Determination de l'indice — phénol. Association Francaise de Normalisation, ParisGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Möller J (1987) In: Analytiker Taschenbuch, Bd 7. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ochynski FW (1960) Analyst 85:278–281Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sahlström Y, Karlberg B (1986) Anal Chim Acta 185:259–269Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Norwitz G, Keliher PN (1982) Anal Chim Acta 144:273–276Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jürgen Möller
    • 1
  • Michel Martin
    • 2
  1. 1.Tecator ABHöganäsSweden
  2. 2.Haute Etude IndustrielleLille CédexFrance

Personalised recommendations