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d-Hole localization and the suppression of superconductivity in YBa2(Cu1-xZnx)3O7−y

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Abstract

The temperature and Zn concentration dependence of the electrical resistivity, specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of YBa2(Cu1−x Zn x )3O7−y withy∼0.1 has been measured forx≤0.16. In addition, the temperature and field dependence of the magnetization has been measured for 2<T<300K and 0<H<9.0T, along with the temperature and quasihydrostatic pressure dependence of the electrical resistivity for selected samples for 0<P<13 GPa. The substitution of Zn for Cu in YBa2Cu3O7−y causes a rapid and nearly linear depression of the superconducting transition temperature,T c , withT c going to 0 K forx≥ 0.10. YBa2(Cu1−x Zn x )3O7−y retains the YBa2Cu3O7-y orthorhombic structure forx≤0.16 for both the superconducting and nonsuperconducting samples. Initially, the unit cell volume increases nearly linearly with Zn content; however, an abrupt change occurs in the vicinityx=0.8–0.10. Forx<0.10, the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity,ρ(T), is metallic-like (dρ/dT>0) andρ increases gradually with increasing Zn content. However, forx≥ 0.10,ρ(T) becomes semiconductor-like, with a very rapid increase of the resistivity with increasingx. The electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, EPR spectra, and specific heat all indicate that thed-holes associated with the Cu ions become localized in the nonsuperconducting phase,x>-0.10.

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Jee, C.-., Nichols, D., Kebede, A. et al. d-Hole localization and the suppression of superconductivity in YBa2(Cu1-xZnx)3O7−y . J Supercond 1, 63–80 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00617952

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Key words

  • YBa2(Cu1−x Zn x )3O7−y
  • electrical resistivity
  • specific heat
  • magnetic susceptibility
  • electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)