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Journal of Comparative Physiology A

, Volume 159, Issue 2, pp 275–280 | Cite as

Gravity as an orientation guide during web-construction in the orb spiderAraneus diadematus (Araneae, Araneidae)

  • Fritz Vollrath
Article

summary

The effect of gravity on the web building behaviour of the common garden spiderAraneus diadematus was studied in three ways: (i) frames with partially completed vertical webs were swivelled into a horizontal position, (ii) by rotating frames with spiders in a vertical klinostat (1 rpm), and (iii) by vertically rotating a partially completed web treadmill fashion keeping the building animal in a certain position in space.

(i) In the horizontal, radial wheels are not constructed, however, a more or less irregular spiral is added to a completed wheel; (ii) in the klinostat the radial wheel lacks the up/down distinction of normal webs, and the spiral is irregular; (iii) in the treadmill the spiral course is abnormal, and the degree of deviation depends on the position of the animal. If the body axis is parallel to gravity the spiral path deviates to both sides of the norm. In ag perpendicular body position the path deviates predominantly to one side, spiralling sharply inwards towards the hub. The observations suggest that the cyclic changes in the body position of spiral-buildingAraneus are an important component of the animal's orientation during this phase of web-construction.

Keywords

Body Position Horizontal Position Common Garden Body Axis Cyclic Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fritz Vollrath
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyOxfordUK

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