Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Formation of sorbitol by cathodic reduction of glucose

Abstract

The steady-state formation of sorbitol by cathodic reduction of glucose was studied in a parallel-plate reactor of 200 cm2 electrode area. Earlier work was extended to explore the effect of flow rate, pH and current density. The effect of temperature between 20° and 47° C and the use of amalgamated lead as compared with chemical lead and other metals is discussed. It is shown that addition of Zn2+ ions accelerates the reaction and the reasons for this are discussed. The implications for industrial application are considered.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. [1]

    A. T. Kuhn (editor) ‘Industrial Electrochemical Processes’, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1971).

  2. [2]

    H. M. Factory Inspectorate Reports, Health and Safety Executive, “The Explosion at Laporte Industries, Ilford’, HMSO, London (1976).

  3. [3]

    N. Fedoronko,Adv. Carbohydrate Chem. Biochem. 29 (1974) 107.

  4. [4]

    B. Capon,Chem. Rev. 69 (1969) 454, alsoJ. C. S. PerkinII (1974) 1600.

  5. [5]

    H. J. Creighton,Trans. Amer. Electrochem. Soc. 75 (1939) 289.

  6. [6]

    N. G. Belenkaya and N. A. Belozerskii,J. Gen. Chem. USSR 19 (1949) 93.

  7. [7]

    M. Birkett and A. T. Kuhn,Electrochim. Acta 22 (1977) 1427.

  8. [8]

    US Patents: 16 353 004, 1612 361. French Patent: 760 507. German Patent: 630 454. US Patents: 2300 218, 2280 887, 2289 189, 2289 190, 2303210, 2458895, 2507973.

  9. [9]

    M. G. Smirnova and E. I. Kovachenko,Navasti Elektrokhim. Org. Soedin, Tezisy Dikl., Vses. Sov. 8 (1973) 56.

  10. [10]

    A. bin Kassim,PkD Thesis, University of Salford (1980).

  11. [11]

    W. G. Overend and A. R. Peacocke,J. Chem. Soc. (1961) 3487.

  12. [12]

    W. B. Neely,Diss. Abs. 16 (1956) 19.

  13. [13]

    R. Mitzner and E. Behrenwald,Z. Phys. Chem., Lpz. 247 (1971) 78.

  14. [14]

    Delahay and Strassner,J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 73 (1951) 5219.

  15. [15]

    C. Y. Chan, A. T. Kulin, in press.

  16. [16]

    A. Knoedler and K. W. Neugebohren,Metalloberflaeche 24 (1970) 78.

  17. [17]

    A. bin Kassim, C. L. Rice and A. T. Kulin,Trans. Farad. Soc. I (1981) in press.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Bin Kassim, A., Rice, C.L. & Kuhn, A.T. Formation of sorbitol by cathodic reduction of glucose. J Appl Electrochem 11, 261–267 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00610988

Download citation

Keywords

  • Glucose
  • Physical Chemistry
  • Industrial Application
  • Sorbitol
  • Electrode Area