Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Mechanical properties of elastomers for artificial cardiac ventricles

  • 33 Accesses


The most likely causes for the rupture of ACV may be the rupture of the diaphragm in the region of the pole or breakage of the contact between the diaphragm and the body of the ACV at the attachment contour. The conditions for testing ACV in the region of the pole are rather accurately reproduced in cyclic inflation of a flat round sample. The accumulation of fatigue damage in ACV materials may be evaluated relative to decreased transparency and increase in residual deformations. Relative to fatigue resistance and elastic characteristics, polyurethane and reinforced organosilicone rubber may be used as ACV membrane materials.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature cited

  1. 1.

    V. I. Shumakov and V. E. Tolpekin, Auxiliary Circulation [in Russian], Moscow (1980).

  2. 2.

    V. I. Shumakov, T. L. Egorov, V. A. Drobyshev, A. A. Drobyshev, and S. B. Trukhmanov, “The artificial auricle,” in: Questions of Transplantology and Artificial Organs [in Russian], Moscow (1977), pp. 107–110.

  3. 3.

    L. Z. Khazen, M. A. Novik, and V. A. Kleimenov, “Poisk-type implantible artificial ventricles,” Tr. VNII Elektromekh., No. 59, 14–18 (1979).

  4. 4.

    F. Klimesh, P. Ganzelka, and I. Toman, “Hydrodynamic aspects of the design of an artificial heart,” in: Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Fourth National Congress (Varna, 1981). Reports [in Bulgarian], Book 2, Sofia (1981), pp. 187–1917.

  5. 5.

    R. K. Jarvik, “The total artificial heart,” Sci. Am.,244, No. 1, 66–72 (1981).

  6. 6.

    “The total artificial heart,” Mech. Des.,51, No. 19, 4, 6 (1979).

  7. 7.

    T. Onuma, Y. Mitamura, T. Nakamura, K. Yamamoto, T. Mikami, M. Takahashi, and K. Nishiura, “Design and performance of left ventricular assist device,” Bull. Res. Inst. Appl. Elec.,30, No. 2, 70–82 (1978).

  8. 8.

    Polymers for Medical Use [in Russian], Moscow (1981).

  9. 9.

    V. K. Berdyshev, E. A. Godin, G. P. Itkin, V. B. Parashin, and V. S. Yakovenko, “A comparative study of some artificial heart designs,” Med. Tekh., No. 6, 17–20 (1977).

  10. 10.

    C. R. McMillin, “Physical testing of polymers for use in circulatory assist devices,” in: First Annual Report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (May, 1978).

  11. 11.

    G. B. McKenna and R. W. Penn, “Time-dependent failure of a polyolefin rubber candidate material for blood pump applications,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res.,14, 689–703 (1980).

  12. 12.

    W. Dunkel and F. Zartnack, “About the durability of artificial blood pumps,” in: Proceedings of the Seventh New England (Northeast) Bioeng. Conf., Troy, N. Y. (1979), pp. 201–204.

  13. 13.

    V. M. Parfeev, I. V. Grushetskii, E. V. Smurova, and V. P. Tamuzh, “A study of the properties of materials for artificial heart valves in biaxial tension,” Mekh. Kompozitn. Mater., No. 2, 297–304 (1981).

  14. 14.

    V. M. Parfeev, I. V. Grushetskii, and E. V. Smurova, “The mechanical properties of elastomers for artificial leaflet heart valves,” Mekh. Kompozitn. Mater., No. 1, 110–117 (1983).

  15. 15.

    V. M. Parfeev, I. V. Grushetskii, A. Kh. Kurzemnieks, and V. P. Tamuzh, “Predication of the fatigue durability of elastomers for artificial leaflet heart valves,” in: Abstracts of the Fifth All-Union Symposium on Synthetic Polymers for Medical Use, Riga (1981), pp. 62–64.

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Translated from Mekhanika Kompozitnykh Materialov, No. 3, pp. 523–529, May–June, 1983.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Parfeev, V.M., Grushetskii, I.V., Drobyshev, A.A. et al. Mechanical properties of elastomers for artificial cardiac ventricles. Mech Compos Mater 19, 393–398 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00604412

Download citation


  • Fatigue
  • Mechanical Property
  • Rubber
  • Polyurethane
  • Fatigue Damage