Oxidation of Metals

, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp 475–495 | Cite as

Mechanisms of formation of diffusion aluminide coatings on nickel-base superalloys

  • G. W. Goward
  • D. H. Boone


Studies on microstructures and compositions of model diffusion aluminide coatings coupled with existing information on diffusion in nickel-aluminum intermetallic compounds indicate that only two basic types of these coatings can be formed on nickel-base superalloys. The first type is formed by inward diffusion of aluminum from coating media of sufficiently high aluminum activity to cause formation of the δ (Ni2Al3) phase. Subsequent stabilizing heat treatments required for practical use of this type of coating cause some outward diffusion of nickel to form a three-zone β(NiAl) coating. The second type is formed by outward diffusion of nickel from the substrate alloy to react with aluminum of suitable activity to stabilize that β(NiAl) phase of composition through which only nickel motion can occur. This process produces a two-zone β(NiAl) coating. It follows that the structural type of coating to be expected from any given coating process can, in principle, be predicted from knowledge of the aluminum activity present during formation of the coating. The initial stages of diffusional degradation of these coatings involve continued outward diffusion of nickel from the substrate through the β(NiAl) coating with the resultant dilution of aluminum content of the coating; little inward diffusion of aluminum occurs.


Nickel Intermetallic Compound NiAl Ni2Al3 Aluminum Content 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. W. Goward
    • 1
  • D. H. Boone
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Engineering and Research LaboratoryPratt & Whitney AircraftEast Hartford

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