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Curriculum theory in physical education

Abstract

Primary current concerns of curriculum theorists in sport and physical education relate to clarification of value orientations underlying curricular decision-making, selection and statement of curriculum goals, identification and organization of programme content, and the process of curriculum change. Disciplinary mastery is the most traditional value orientation and that which is most frequently found in practice. Curriculum theorists have identified four other value orientations for study: social reconstruction, self-actualization, learning process, and ecological validity.

Health-related fitness and the development of motor skills have long been the primary goals of physical education. In recent years, however, curriculum specialists have begun to assign higher priorities to goals of personal integration and challenge, of social development and multicultural understanding.

There is general agreement that human movement activities constitute the subject-matter of the sport and physical education curriculum. Differences exist, however, as to how learning activities should be selected for particular programmes. The current trend in seeking better understanding of content is toward studying the operational curriculum with particular attention to the historical and social contexts. An important contemporary focus is the need to translate short-term results into lifestyle changes. The curriculum in sports and physical education should be viewed as a multitude of possibilities.

Zusammenfassung

Das Hauptanliegen der Curriculumsforscher im Bereich Sport-und Leibeserziehung ist es gegenwärtig, die Wertorientierungen zu erklären, die den Lehrplanentscheidungen, der Auswahl und Festsetzung von Lernzielen, der Abstimmung und Gliederung von Programminhalten und dem Curriculumswandel zugrunde liegen. Die Beherrschung des Fachs ist die traditionellste Wertorientierung und am häufigsten in der Praxis anzutreffen. Curriculumsforscher haben vier weitere Wertorientieungen in die Forschung einbezogen: gesellschaftlicher Wiederaufbau, Selbstverwirklichung, Lernprozeß und ökologische Berechtigung.

Gesundheitsbezogene Fitness und die Entwicklung motorischer Fähigkeiten sind seit langem die Hauptziele der Leibeserziehung. In letzter Zeit jedoch haben Curriculumsexperten damit begonnen, den Zielen der persönlichen Integration und Herausforderung, der gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung und der Völkerverständigung größere Bedeutung beizumessen.

Es herrscht allgemein Einigkeit darüber, daß Bewegungsabläufe des Menschen den fachlichen Inhalt des Curriculums für Sport- und Erziehungswissenschaft darstellen. Es gibt jedoch unterschiedliche Auffassungen darüber, wie Lernaktivitäten für bestimmte Programme ausgewählt werden sollen. Die derzeitige Tendenz, sich um besseres inhalt-liches Verständnis zu bemühen, geht dahin, das im Einsatz befindliche Curriculum besonders im Hinblick auf den historischen und sozialen Kontext zu untersuchen. Ein wichtiges aktuelles Anliegen ist die Notwendigkeit, kurzfristige Ergebnisse auf Veränderungen des Lebensstils zu übertragen. Das Curriculum für Sport- und Leibeserziehung sollte als eine Vielfalt von Möglichkeiten angesehen werden.

Résumé

Les soucis majeurs des théoriciens du curriculum du sport et de l'éducation physique ont trait aujourd'hui à la mise au point des jugements de valeur qui sont à la base de la prise de décision en matière de curriculum, de la sélection et de la définition des objectifs de celui-ci, de la détermination et de l'organisation du contenu du programme d'étude, et du processus de modification du curriculum. La maîtrise de la discipline est le jugement de valeur le plus traditionnel et celui que l'on rencontre le plus fréquemment dans la pratique. Les théoriciens du curriculum ont défini quatre autres jugements de valeur pour l'étude: la reconstruction sociale, l'auto-actualisation, le processus d'apprentissage, et la validité écologique.

Un bon état de santé et le développement des compétences motrices constituent depuis longtemps les objectifs majeurs de l'éducation physique. Ces dernières années, cependant, les spécialistes du curriculum ont commencé à attribuer des priorités essentielles aux objectifs du défi de l'intégration personnelle, du développement social et de la compréhension multiculturelle.

Il est généralement admis que l'exercise corporel constitue la matière principale du curriculum du sport et de l'éducation physique. Des différences existent, cependant, quant à la manière dont les activités d'apprentissage devraient être sélectionnées pour les programmes particuliers. La tendance actuelle de la recherche d'une meilleure compréhension du contenu va vers l'étude du curriculum opérationnel en prêtant une attention particulière aux contextes historique et social. Un accent important est mis de nos jours sur la nécessité de traduire les résultats à court terme en nouveaux modes de vie. Le curriculum des sports et de l'éducation physique devrait être perçu comme une multitude de possibilités.

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Jewett, A.E. Curriculum theory in physical education. Int Rev Educ 35, 35–49 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00597682

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Keywords

  • Physical Education
  • Curriculum Goal
  • Curriculum Theorist
  • Personal Integration
  • Reconstruction Sociale