Social psychiatry

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 135–141 | Cite as

An analysis of problems of resettlement of the Indochinese refugees in the United States

  • Perry M. Nicassio
  • J. Kirby Pate
The Changing Social Context


This paper describes the results of a survey investigation on the adjustment of 1638 Indochinese refugees who have resettled in the United States. Refugees reported several areas of adjustment difficulty, although problems which reflected the trauma of separation and emigration were viewed as the most serious. Education, income, and employment were significantly related to indices of acculturation and alienation, thus indicating an interdependence between socioeconomic and sociocultural areas of adjustment. The importance of reinforcing mechanisms of social support among refugees is discussed.


Public Health Social Support Adjustment Difficulty Survey Investigation Indochinese Refugee 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Billings A, Moos R (1982) Social support and functioning among community and clinical groups: a panel model. J Behav Med 5: 295–311Google Scholar
  2. Brislin R (1981) Cross-cultural encounters. Pergamon Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Edwards A (1956) Paranoid reactions. Med. J Aust 1: 778–779Google Scholar
  4. Eitinger L, Grunfeld R (1966) Psychosis among refugees in Norway. Acta Psychiatr. Scand 42: 315–328Google Scholar
  5. Fried J (1959) Acculturation and mental health among Indian migrants in Peru. In: Opler M (ed) Culture and mental health. MacMillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Harding R, Looney J (1977) Problems of Southeast Asian children in a refugee camp. Am J Psychiatry 134: 407–410Google Scholar
  7. Henderson S (1981) Social relationships, adversity, and neurosis: an analysis of prospective observations. Br J Psychiatry 138: 391–398Google Scholar
  8. Hocking F (1970) Extreme environmental stress and its significance for psychopathology. Am J Psychother 24: 4–6Google Scholar
  9. Kelly GP (1977) From Vietnam to American. Westview Press, ColoradoGoogle Scholar
  10. Lin K, Tazuma L, Masuda M (1979) Adaptational problems of Vietnamese refugees. Arch Gen Psychiatry 36: 955–961Google Scholar
  11. Littlewood R, Lipsedge M (1981) Some social and phenomenological characteristics of psychotic immigrants. Psychol Med 11: 289–302Google Scholar
  12. Liu W (1979) Transition to nowhere. Charter House Publishers, TennesseeGoogle Scholar
  13. Mezey A (1960) Psychiatric illness in Hungarian refugees. J Ment Sci 106: 628–637Google Scholar
  14. Odegaard O (1932) Emigration and insanity: a study of mental disease among the Norwegian population of Minnesota. Acta Psychiatr Scand [Suppl] 4: 1–206Google Scholar
  15. Rahe R, Looney J, Ward H, Tung T, Liu W (1978) Psychiatric consultation in a Vietnamese refugee camp. Am J Psychiatry 135: 185–109Google Scholar
  16. Schachter S (1959) The psychology of affiliation. Stanford University Press, CAGoogle Scholar
  17. Seeman M (1975) Alienation studies. Annu Rev Sociol 1: 91–123Google Scholar
  18. Smither R, Rodriguez-Giegling M (1979) Marginality, modernity, and anxiety in Indochinese refugees. J Cross-Cult Psychol 10: 469–478Google Scholar
  19. Tomeh A (1974) Alienation: a cross-cultural analysis. J Soc Psychol 94: 187–200Google Scholar
  20. Wittkower E, Dubreuil G (1973) Psychocultural stress in relation to mental illness. Soc Sci Med 7: 691–704Google Scholar
  21. Zasloff J, Brown M (1975) Communism in Indochina: new perspectives. Lexington Books, MAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Perry M. Nicassio
    • 1
  • J. Kirby Pate
    • 1
  1. 1.Vanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations