Two patients presented with vertebral arteriovenous fistulae following unintentional puncture of the vertebral artery. A percutaneous transvenous approach was used in both cases and the fistula was successfully embolised with microcoils. A complete cure was achieved in both patients.
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Fukao, S., Hashimoto, N., Kazekawa, K. et al. Percutaneous transvenous embolisation of iatrogenic vertebral arteriovenous fistula. Neuroradiology 37, 400–402 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00588023
- Arteriovenous fistula
- Vertebral artery
- Transvenous occlusion