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Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 343, Issue 2, pp 133–141 | Cite as

Contractile properties of skeletal muscle from trained miniature pig

  • Robert Fitts
  • Dennis Campion
  • Francis Nagle
  • Robert Cassens
Article

Summary

The isometric contractile properties of thetibialis anterior muscle were measuredin situ in male miniature pigs. The pigs were divided into three groups at 2 mouths of age; one group trained by endurance running, the second group trained by sprint running and the third group served as an unexercised control. After 7 months of training, the endurance group ran continuously for 60 min at 95 m/min and a 5% slope and the sprint group ran ten 60 sec sprints at 198 m/min and a 10% slope, each sprint interspersed with a 1 min rest interval. The mean values for contraction time, one-half relaxation time, twitch tension, tetanus tension and twitch-tetanus ratio were not significantly different (P>0.05) among the three groups. Fatigability was measured by stimulating the muscle preparation for 45 min at a frequency of 4 impulses/sec. Both trained groups maintained a significantly higher (P<0.05) percentage of their maximal twitch tension than the control group over the 45 min period. These results support previous research which suggest that isometric contractile properties of whole, heterogeneous muscle resist change after chronic, physiological exercise programs. However, both types of training produced increased skeletal muscle endurance.

Key words

Skeletal Muscle Contractile Properties Training 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Fitts
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dennis Campion
    • 1
    • 2
  • Francis Nagle
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert Cassens
    • 1
  1. 1.Muscle Biology LaboratoryUniversity of WisconsinMadisonU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonU.S.A.

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