Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 414, Issue 4, pp 385–392 | Cite as

Direct measurement of K movement by39K NMR in perfused rat mandibular salivary gland stimulated with acetylcholine

  • M. Murakami
  • E. Suzuki
  • S. Miyamoto
  • Y. Seo
  • H. Watari
Transport Processes, Metabolism and Endocrinology; Kidney, Gastrointestinal Tract, and Exocrine Glands


The intracellular K content (Kin) of the isolated perfused rat mandibular gland was measured by39K NMR spectroscopy at 25°C, using an inversion recovery technique based on the fact that the spin-lattice (T1) relaxation of Kin is much faster than that of the extracellular K. Kin decreased by 30–34% of the resting level and reached a plateau level during secretion evoked by a sustained infusion of 1 μmol/l acetylcholine. Addition of 1 mmol/l ouabain decreased Kin by an additional 41% of the resting level. The K net flux to the blood and saliva was calculated from the K concentrations and flow rates of the effluent and the saliva. At an initial stage of secretion the gland lost K to the vascular side at a rate of 12.6±1.8 μmol/g-min (mean ± SEM,n=7). During sustained secretion, the gland took K up from the vascular side at a rate of 3.3±0.7 μmol/g-min (n=7), and the same amount of K was secreted into the saliva (4.7±1.1 at 5–10 min, 2.8±0.8 μmol/g-min at 20–30 min), resulting in no net K movement from the gland. Addition of 1 mmol/l ouabain stopped salivary secretion and caused a transient K release to the vascular side at a maximum rate of 12.8±1.1 μmol/g-min. Withdrawal of acetylcholine and ouabain induced K uptake from the vascular side (6.5±0.7 μmol/g-min) and the amount of K released was completely restored when Kin recovered completely. The ratio (0.38) of the acetylcholine-induced K loss (30 μmol/g) to the ouabain-induced total K loss (80 μmol/g) was very similar to the ratio (0.41–0.45) measured by39K NMR. The present observations lead to the conclusion that the changes in39L-NMR-visible intracellular K directly relate to K movement across both the basolateral and the luminal membranes of salivary epithelia.

Key words

Intracellular K 39K NMR Net K flux Acetylcholine Ouabain 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Murakami
    • 1
  • E. Suzuki
    • 1
  • S. Miyamoto
    • 1
  • Y. Seo
    • 1
  • H. Watari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular PhysiologyNational Institute for Physiological SciencesOkazakiJapan

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