, Volume 150, Issue 2, pp 95–101

Rapid photomodulation of stem extension in light-grownSinapis alba L.

Studies on kinetics, site of perception and photoreceptor
  • D. C. Morgan
  • T. O'Brien
  • H. Smith


Treatment of the whole of aSinapis alba plant with supplementary far-red light (FR), in back-ground white light (WL), induces a rapid increase in stem extension rate. This rapid increase is regulated by the light environment of the stem itself. Supplementary FR to the stem increases extension rate after a lag period of 10–15 min. A lag period of 3–4 h follows FR irradiation of the leaf, before an increase in extension rate is detectable. When the stem is given supplementary FR, the change in extension rate which is induced increases with increasing FR fluence rate, and with decreasing phytochrome photoequilibrium. There is no difference between the effects of supplementary FR λmax 719 nm and supplementary FR λmax 739 nm for these relationships. The increase in extension rate induced by supplementary FR is reversed by an increase in the fluence rate of red light (R). These data indicate that the response is controlled by phytochrome photoequilibrium.

Key words

Ligth (growth regulation) Photomodulation Phytochrome Sinapis Stem growth 



blue light


far-red light


red light


white light


far-red absorbing form of phytochrome


red absorbing form of phytochrome


total phytochrome level (=Pr+Pfr); α-Pfr/Ptot, measured


difference in stem extension rate, before and after treatment


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Morgan
    • 1
  • T. O'Brien
    • 1
  • H. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Adrian BuildingUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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