Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 372, Issue 1, pp 109–111 | Cite as

A system for intravascular, radially orientation-independent electromagnetic flow- and diameter-sensing

  • Alexander Kolin
Heart, Circulation, Respiration and Blood; Environmental and Exercise Physiology Instruments and Techniques


The difficulty of optimally orienting an intravascular loop probe of an extracorporeal field electromagnetic flow meter is circumvented by uniting 2 mutually perpendicular loop sensors into a single flow-diameter probe. When one of the loops is unfavorably oriented in the magnetic field, the orientations of the other loop is more favorable. The most unfavorable case is a 45° angle between the magnetic field and the planes of the loops, when the signal drops to 70.7% of the optimal value. By taking the square root of the sum of the squares of the 2 loop transducer signals, one obtains an output for flow and diameter measurements which is independent of the probe orientation. This operation can be accomplished electronically.

Key words

Flow meter Electromagnetic flow meter Blood flow Diameter Vascular diameter Catheter flow meter Angiometer 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Kolin
    • 1
  1. 1.School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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