Advertisement

Social psychiatry

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 139–145 | Cite as

Violent death and unemployment in two trade unions in Denmark

  • J. Olsen
  • M. Lajer
Other Papers

Summary

The association between unemployment and cause of death (‘natural’ or ‘violent’) was investigated in a retrospective study of members of the bricklayers' and carpenters/cabinet-makers' trade unions in Denmark during the period 1. 1. 1971 to 31. 12. 1975. The bricklayers suffered more unemployment than the carpenters/cabinet-makers but for both unions as a whole it was found that there were significantly more unemployment periods in the group of violent deaths compared with natural deaths, whereas there was no difference in the frequency of unemployment between suicidal and accidental deaths.

Keywords

Public Health Retrospective Study Trade Union Natural Death Accidental Death 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bishop, Y. M. M., Fienberg, S. E., Holland, P. W.: Discrete multivariate analysis: Theory and practice. London: MIT Press 1975Google Scholar
  2. Breed, W.: Occupational mobility and suicide among white males. Am. Soc. Rev.28, 179–188 (1963)Google Scholar
  3. Causes of death in the Kingdom of Denmark 1973. The National Health Service of Denmark, Copenhagen, 1975. (With a Summary in English)Google Scholar
  4. Døssing, M.: Arbejdsløsheden og lægernes ansvar. Ugeskr. Læger138, 1427–1428 (1976)Google Scholar
  5. Eisenberg, P., Lazarsfeld, P.: The psychological effects of unemployment. Psychol. Bull.35, 358–390 (1938)Google Scholar
  6. Farmer, R. D. T., Preston, T. D., O'Brien, S. E. M.: Suicide mortality in Greater London: Changes during the past 25 years. Br. J. Prev. Soc. Med.31, 171–177 (1977)Google Scholar
  7. Fruensgård, K., Juel-Nielsen, N.: Arbejdsløshed og indlæggelse på psykiatrisk afdeling. Ugeskr. Læger139, 1803–1806 (1977)Google Scholar
  8. Humphrey, J.: Social Loss: A comparison of suicide victims, homicide offenders and non-violent individuals. Dis. Nerv. Syst.38, 157–160 (1977)Google Scholar
  9. Jacobsen, K.: Afskedigelse og sygelighed. Ugeskr. Læger134, 352–354 (1972)Google Scholar
  10. Koller, K. M., Cotgrove, R. C. M.: Social geography and suicidal behaviour in Hobart. Aust. N. Z. J. Psychiatry10, 237–242 (1976)Google Scholar
  11. Kolmos, L. S.: Analyse af selvmordsregistreringens anvendelighed til suicidalforskning. Licentiatsafhandling, Retsmedicinsk Institut og Psykiatrisk Institut, Odense Universitet, marts 1977Google Scholar
  12. Kolmos, L. S.: Selvmord epidemiologisk belyst. Indlaeg ved Dansk Psykiatrisk Selskabs møde nr. 400 i Odense d. 26. 5. 1978Google Scholar
  13. MacMahon, B., Johnson, S., Pugh, T. F.: Relation of suicide rates to social conditions. Public Health Rep.78, 285–293 (1963)Google Scholar
  14. Madsen, B.: Brudstykker om arbejdsløshed. Psykologisk Institut, Arhus Universitet, Januar 1977Google Scholar
  15. Mantel, N., Haenszel, W.: Statistical aspects of the analysis of data from retrospective studies of disease. J. Natl. Cancer Inst.22, 719–748 (1959)Google Scholar
  16. Olsen, J., Sabroe, S.: Mortality among bricklayers and carpenters/cabinet-makers. Scand. J. Soc. Med. (In press)Google Scholar
  17. O. P. C. S. Occupational mortality 1970–72. The Registrar General's decennial supplement for England and Wales, 1970–72. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, London 1977Google Scholar
  18. Ovesen, E.: Arbejdsløshedens psykologiske fø1ger. Socialpaedagogisk bibliotek, Munksgård København, 1977Google Scholar
  19. Sheppard, H. L.: Worker reaction to job displacement. Mth. lab. Rev.88, 170–172 (1965)Google Scholar
  20. Swinscow, D.: Some suicide statistics. Br. med. J.23, 1417–1422 (1951)Google Scholar
  21. Walbran, B., MacMahon, B., Bailey, A. E.: Suicide and unemployment in Pennsylvania, 1954–1961. Arch. Environ. Health10, 11–15 (1965)Google Scholar
  22. Yrke og dødelighet 1970–73, Statistiske oplysniger nr. 21, Oslo Statistiske Sentralbyrå, 1976Google Scholar
  23. Zawadzki, B., Lazarsfeld, P.: The psychological consequences of unemployment. J. Soc. Psychol.6, 224–251 (1935)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Olsen
    • 1
  • M. Lajer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Community Health and Environmental MedicineUniversity of OdenseDenmark
  2. 2.Institute of Psychiatric DemographyPsychiatric Hospital in ÅrhusDenmark

Personalised recommendations