Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 411, Issue 1, pp 101–112 | Cite as

Ion permeation through single ACh-activated channels in denervated adult toad sartorius skeletal muscle fibres: effect of temperature

  • Nino Quartararo
  • Peter H. Barry
Excitable Tissues and Central Nervous Physiology


The gigaohm seal technique was used to study the effects of temperature on ion permeation through acetylcholine-activated channels. This was done in cell-attached patches of the extrajunctional membrane of chronicallydenervated, enzyme-treated cells from sartorius muscle of the toadBufo marinus. The predominant extracellular cation in the pipette solution was Na+. Single channel currentvoltage curves were measured at different temperatures and electrodiffusion and three-site-four-barrier rate theory models were used to characterize ion permeation through the channels and determine the effects of temperature on permeation parameters. The fitting of the experimental data to these models suggested the presence of at least three and probably more ion-selective sites within the channel. The most frequently occuring channel type (>95% of channel openings) had a chord conductance of 25 pS at 11°C and −70 mV and was classified as ‘extrajunctional’. The single channel conductance of this channel had a low temperature-dependence (Q10≈1.3). The apparent activation enthalpy, Ea, for the conductance between 11°C and 20°C, did not appear to be significantly voltage-sensitive and had a value of about 17±2 kJ·mol−1 at a voltage of −70 mV. The Arrhenius plot of conductance appeared linear between 11 and 20°C at all potentials examined. The data was consistent with a break in the slope of the Arrhenius plot at temperatures between 5 and 11°C at all potentials examined, suggesting a possible phase transition of the membrane lipids. In contrast to the relative permeability, which was not very temperature sensitive, the relative binding constant was significantly affected by temperature. The relative Na/K binding constant sequence was:K5°C> K20°C> K15°CK11°C. In addition, the decrease in conductance observed at the most depolarized potentials was accentuated as the temperature was increased, suggesting a rate-limiting access step for ions from the intracellular solution into the channel.

Key words

Ion permeation Temperature Channels Single channels ACh channels Patch clamp Rate theory Electrodiffusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nino Quartararo
    • 1
  • Peter H. Barry
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Physiology and PharmacologyUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

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