Superferritic stainless steels become embrittled when aged in a temperature interval around 475 °C, This phenomenon has been studied in the alloy Fe-28Cr-2Mo-4Ni-Nb by measuring the decrease in the energy absorbed in the impact test as a function of ageing time at 475 °C. The change which occurs in the microstructure has been studied by small-angle neutron scattering. It is shown that ageing at 475 °C produces the decomposition of the alloy in zones rich in chromium via spinodal decomposition. The high rate of embrittlement observed, compared with that which occurs in Fe-Cr binary alloys of similar chromium content, is related to a faster development of the spinodal decomposition in the steel studied.
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Isalgué, A., Anglada, M., Rodríguez-Carvajal, J. et al. Study of the spinodal decomposition of an Fe-28Cr-2Mo-4Ni-Nb alloy by small-angle neutron scattering. J Mater Sci 25, 4977–4980 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00580116
- Stainless Steel
- Temperature Interval