Social psychiatry

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 109–116 | Cite as

The measurement of cultural distance and its relationship to medical consultations, symptomatology and examination performance of overseas students at Edinburgh University

  • I. E. Babiker
  • J. L. Cox
  • P. M. Miller
Transcultural Studies


The paper describes the development of an instrument to measure the distance between two cultures based on their social and physical attributes. The instrument was used to investigate the possible associations between cultural distance and medical consultations, symptoms and examination performance in a sample of overseas students at Edinburgh University. Anxiety during the Easter term and the number of medical consultations during the year were significantly related to cultural distance, but no relationship was found between the latter and examination performance. It is concluded that cultural distance per se is no handicap to overseas students. The use of the instrument and implications for transcultural research are discussed.


Public Health Medical Consultation Cultural Distance Examination Performance Overseas Student 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. E. Babiker
    • 1
  • J. L. Cox
    • 1
  • P. M. Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.University Department of PsychiatryRoyal Edinburgh HospitalEdinburghUK

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