Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Comparison of chromosome size in species of anemone and their hybrids

  • 37 Accesses

  • 8 Citations

Summary

Total complement length has been determined in six species ofAnemone L. comprising 4 diploids (A. silvestris L.,A. virginiana L.,A. riparia Fern., andA. cylindrica Gray), 1 tetraploid (A. multifida Poir.), and 1 hexaploid (A. drummondii S. Wats.). Since chromosome complements of the parents fall in three definite size classes, the fate of the parental chromosomes can be followed in interclass hybrids. Thus it is possible to compare relationships expected on the basis of parental measurements and those obtained in a series of 11 hybrids of which 6 are diploid, 4 triploid and 1 pentaploid, in 2 amphiploids of known origin, and in the widely distributed tetraploid,A. multifida. Evidence is presented for the maintenance of differences in parental chromosome length in hybrids and in recent and long-established amphiploids.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature

  1. Darlington, C. D.: Recent advances in cytology. London: J. & A. Churchill Ltd. 1937.

  2. —: Evolution of genetic systems. London: Oliver & Boyd 1958.

  3. Gajewski, W.: Cytogenetic investigations onAnemone, L. 1.Anemone janczewskii, a new amphidiploid species of hybrid origin. Acta Soc. Bot. Polon.17, 129–194 (1946).

  4. Håkansson, A.: Meiosis in a hybrid with one set of large and one set of small chromosomes. Hereditas (Lund)29, 461–474 (1943).

  5. Heimburger, M.: Cytotaxonomic studies in the genusAnemone. Canad. J. Bot.37, 587–612 (1959).

  6. —: A karyotype study ofAnemone drummondii and its hybrid with.A. multifida. Canad. J. Bot.39, 497–502 (1961).

  7. Lighty, R. W., andR. L. Plaisted: The evaluation of the sources of variation in the preparation of a karyotype of a clone. Cytologia (Tokyo)25, 1–7 (1960).

  8. Manton, I.: Problems of cytology and evolution in the Pteridophyta. 316 pp. Cambridge: University Press 1950.

  9. Rothfels, K. H., andL. Siminovitch: The chromosome complement of the Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) determined in kidney cells cultivated in vitro. Chromosoma (Berl.)9, 163–175 (1958).

  10. Stebbins, G. L.: Variation and evolution in plants. 643 pp. New York: Columbia University Press 1950.

  11. Swanson, C. P.: Cytology and cytogenetics. 596 pp. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1957.

  12. Togby, H. A.: A cytological study ofCrepis fuliginosa, C. neglecta, and their F1 hybrid, and its bearing on the mechanism of phylogenetic reduction in chromosome number. J. Genet.45, 67–111 (1943).

Download references

Author information

Additional information

This study was supported by grant No. T94 from the National Research Council of Canada.

The author is indebted to Dr.K. H. Rothfels for his sustained interest and critical reading of the manuscript.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Heimburger, M. Comparison of chromosome size in species of anemone and their hybrids. Chromosoma 13, 328–340 (1962). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00577047

Download citation

Keywords

  • Developmental Biology
  • Size Classis
  • Parental Measurement
  • Chromosome Length
  • Parental Chromosome