Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 383–387 | Cite as

Fluidity and dispersion of alumina suspension at the limit of thickening by ammonium polyacrylates

  • Hideki Okamoto
  • Minoru Hashiba
  • Yukio Nurishi
  • K. Hiramatsu


The limit of thickening of an alumina suspension by ammonium polyacrylates (PAA) and its molecular weight dependence of the limit were determined from the lowering of the flow point to be a measure of simultaneous promotion of the thickening and the dispersion. PAA of a smaller molecular weight gave a lower flow point minimum and a thicker alumina suspension retaining fluidity up to 85 wt % alumina for PAA of molecular weight 2500. The suspension thickened to the limit has the smallest gap between the flow point and the wet point, supporting Daniel's statement on good dispersion. The average water layer thickness, calculated by dividing the amount of water of suspension at the limit of thickening by the particle numbers, indicated no linearity with the chain length of the PAA. The thickening for PAA with molecular weights smaller than 21 000 resulted in a limit in the average water layer thickness of ∼30 nm being accompanied by dilatant flow. The suspension at high solid loadings showed various extension features on the glass plate with changes in the PAA concentration around the flow point minimum. The flow behaviour of the alumina suspension around the limit of thickening was characterized by the Bingham model with two parameters of the yield stress, σ0, and the Bingham viscosity, η. Increase in the fluidity on PAA addition was strongly attributed to a greater lowering of σ0 than of η. A balanced ratio between the two parameters in the apparent viscosity under a suitable shear rate was suggested to be necessary for the flow of the castable thick suspension.


Apparent Viscosity Small Molecular Weight Solid Loading Bingham Model Alumina Suspension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Y. Shiraki, “Fabrication Process of Ceramics”, Vol. I (Gihodo, Tokyo, 1978) p. 117.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. J. V. Verwey andJ. Th. G. Overbeek, “Theory of the Stability of Lyophobic Colloids” (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1948).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Th. G. Overbeek, “The Investigation Between Colloid Particles”, in “Colloid Science”, edited by H. R. Kruyt (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1952) p. 245.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Kitahara andA. Watanabe, “Electric Phenomena at Interfaces” (Kyoritsu Shuppan, Tokyo, 1972) p. 50.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. F. Tadros (ed.), “Solid/Liquid Dispersions” (Academic Press, London, 1987) p. 149.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. H. Napper, “Polymeric Stabilization of Colloidal Dispersions” (Academic Press, New York, 1983) pp. 221, 263.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. C. Patton, “Paint Flow and Pigment Dispersion”, in Japanese edition translated by K. Ueki, S. Tochihara and Y. Imaoka (Kyoritsu Shuppan, Tokyo, 1983) p. 152.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. K. Daniel andP. Goldman,Ind. Engng Chem. 18 (1946) 26.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Alston,Trans. Brit. Ceram. Soc. 74 (1975) 279.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. P. Tison,J. Colloid Interface Sci. 52 (1975) 611.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Hashiba, H. Okamoto, Y. Nurishi andK. Hiramatsu,J. Mater. Sci. 23 (1988) 2893.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Visca, S. Ardizzone andL. Formaro,J. Colloid Interface Sci. 66 (1975) 95.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Hashiba, H. Okamoto, Y. Nurishi andK. Hiramatsu,J. Mater. Sci. 24 (1989) 873.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Satoh, K. Saitoh, T. Tanaka andS. Okuda, in the Abstract of the Annual Meeting of Japan Ceramic Society (Japan Ceramic Society, Tokyo, May 1984) p. 475.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideki Okamoto
    • 1
  • Minoru Hashiba
    • 1
  • Yukio Nurishi
    • 1
  • K. Hiramatsu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of EngineeringGifu UniversityGifuJapan
  2. 2.College of TechnologyGifu UniversityGifuJapan

Personalised recommendations