Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 12–15 | Cite as

An investigation and identification of polysaccharides isolated from archeological specimens

  • V. Ya. Birshtein
  • V. M. Tul'chinskii
Article
  • 28 Downloads

Summary

Polymeric compounds have been isolated from archeological specimens (fragments of Central Asian paintings of the 2nd-19th centuries). A comparison of their IR spectra with the spectra of plant gums has shown that they are polysaccharides which have remained undestroyed for up to 1800 yr. In some cases it has been possible from the IR spectra and composition of the extracted polysaccharides to provisionally identify sourcherry or apricot gum, of which these polysaccharides were components.

Keywords

Polysaccharide Xylose Total Phospholipid Sour Cherry Sodium Tetrahydroborate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. 1.
    F. M. Swain, in: Organic Geochemistry, Springer-Verlag (1969), p. 374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. M. Swain, J. M. Bratt, and S. Kirkwood, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer.,81, 499 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. M. Manskaya and T. V. Drozdova, in: The Organic Matter of Modern and Mineral Sediments [in Russian], Moscow (1971).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. W. G. Wyckoff, The Biochemistry of Animal Fossils, Bristol (1972).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Z. Sergienko, M. I. Bobyleva, Sv. A. Sidorenko, and I. A. Egorov, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR,215, 474 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. J. Forbes, Studies in Ancient Technology, Leiden,8, 202 (1955).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. Masschelein-Kleiner and F. Tricot-Marckx, Bull. Inst. Roy. Patrimoine Artist.,8, 180 (1965).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Masschelein-Kleiner, J. Heylen, and F. Tricot-Marckx, Studies in Conservation,13, 105 (1968).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Rosik, A. Kardosovà, and J. Kubala, Carbohyd. Res.,18, 151 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. D. Sherbukhin, Usp. Biol. Khim.,9, 198 (1968).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. N. Osipova, Dokl. Vyssh. Shkoly, Biol. Nauki, 116 (1973).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. Smith and R. Montgomery, Chemistry of Plant Gums and Mucilages, Reinhold (1959), p. 102.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. Zitko, J. Rosik, M. Brutenicovà, and J. Kubala, Collection Czech. Chem. Commun.,30, 3501 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Rosik, V. Zitko, and J. Kubala, Collection Czech. Chem. Commun.,31, 1569 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. A. Adams, in: Methods of Carbohydrate Chemistry (ed. R. L. Whistler), Vol. 5, Academic Press (1965), p. 269.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. I. Usov, Zh. Obshch. Khim.,44, 191 (1974).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. W. Readsveld and H. Klomp, J. Chromatogr.,59, 99 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. H. Sloneker, Methods of Carbohydrate Chemistry (ed. R. L. Whistler and J. N. BeMiller), Vol. 6, Academic Press (1972), p. 20.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Ya. Birshtein
  • V. M. Tul'chinskii

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations