The vapor pressure of indium, silver, gallium, copper, tin, and gold between 0.1 and 3.0 bar
- 2.2k Downloads
The vapor pressure of several liquid metals was measured using a method based on the gas-controlled heat pipe. Small samples of the test material were placed in a tungsten tube and heated to temperatures above 2900 K. The vapor pressure was measured using a gas-buffered pressure transducer and the vapor temperature was inferred from the tube surface temperature, which was measured with an optical pyrometer. Most of the tests were terminated by the failure of the containment tube. The measured pressures agree well with those calculated by thermodynamic methods from data at lower temperatures.
Key wordscopper gallium gold heat pipe high temperature indium liquid metals silver tin vapor pressure
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.J. Bohdansky and H. E. J. Schins,J. Appl. Phys. 36:3683 (1965).Google Scholar
- 2.J. Bohdansky and H. E. J. Schins,J. Phys. Chem. 71:215 (1967).Google Scholar
- 3.J. Bohdansky and H. E. J. Schins,J. Less-Common Metals 13:248 (1967).Google Scholar
- 4.H. E. J. Schins, R. W. M. van Wijk, and B. Dorpema, Z.Metal. 62:330 (1971).Google Scholar
- 5.F. Geiger and D. Quataert, Corrosion Studies of Tungsten Heat Pipes at Temperatures up to 2650°C, Second Int. Heat Pipe Conf., Report ESA SP-112, Vol. 1, p. 347 (1976).Google Scholar
- 6.M. Bader, The Gas-Controlled Heat Pipe as a Tool for Wetting Studies, Second Int. Heat Pipe Conf., Report ESA SP-112, Vol. 1, p. 327 (1976).Google Scholar
- 7.C. Bassani and C. A. Busse, A Pressure Controlled Precision Thermostat, Second Int. Heat Pipe Conf., Report ESA SP-112, Vol. 1, p. 537 (1976).Google Scholar
- 8.C. Bassani and J. Loens, Precision Temperature Control with Gas Buffered Water Heat Pipes, Third Int. Heat Pipe Conf., AIAA Publ. CP-784, p. 162 (1978).Google Scholar
- 9.C. A. Busse, J. P. Labrande, and C. Bassani, inTemperature Measurement, 1975, B. P. Billing and T. J. Quin, eds., Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. No. 26, p. 428 (1975).Google Scholar
- 10.A. N. Nesmeyanov,Vapor Pressure of the Chemical Elements (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1963).Google Scholar
- 11.R. Hultgreen et al.,Selected Values of the Thermodynamic Properties of the Elements (American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio, 1973).Google Scholar