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Compaction by impact of unconsolidated lunar fines

Abstract

New Hugoniot and release adiabate data for 1.8 g cm−3 lunar fines (sample, 70051) in the ç2 to ç70 kbar range demonstrate that upon shock compression intrinsic crystal density (ç3.1 g cm−3) is achieved undershock stresses of 15 to 20 kbar. Release adiabate determinations indicate that measurable irreversible compaction occurs upon achieving shock pressures above ç4 kbar. For shocks in the ç7 to 15 kbar range, the inferred,post-shock, specific volumes observed decrease nearly linearly with increasing peak shock pressures. Upon shocking to ç15 kbar the post-shock density is approximately that of the intrinsic minerals. If the present data for sample 70051 are taken to be representative of the response to impact of unconsolidated regolith material on the Moon, it is inferred that the formation of appreciable quantities of soil breccia can be associated with the impact of meteoroids or ejecta at speeds of as low as ç1 km s−1.

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Contribution No. 2626, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif., U.S.A.

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Ahrens, T.J. Compaction by impact of unconsolidated lunar fines. The Moon 14, 291–299 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00565328

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Keywords

  • Compaction
  • Breccia
  • Specific Volume
  • Appreciable Quantity
  • Shock Compression