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Effect of posture and sleep on pharmacokinetics

I. Amoxycillin


The pharmacokinetics of amoxycillin in normal male volunteers was studied during the states of bedrest, sleep and ambulation. The absorption and disposition of amoxycillin in ambulatory subjects was found to be comparable to that reported previously by other workers. Serum amoxycillin concentrations were found to be significantly greater during ambulation than during bedrest and sleep. The difference in serum levels resulted from an increased apparent total serum clearance and amoxycillin renal clearance during bedrest and sleep compared to ambulation. No significant differences in the clearance was found between the states of bedrest and sleep. The change in renal clearance of amoxycillin during ambulation was attributed to a diminished renal blood flow. Although the terminal half-life of amoxycillin did not differ significantly, the apparent volume of distribution appears to be much greater during bedrest and sleep than during ambulation. This difference could be explained pharmacokinetically using a two compartment model. No significant difference was found between the rates of absorption of amoxycillin as reflected by the lag time and time to peak serum amoxycillin. The actual values for these parameters would suggest, however, that the absorption of amoxycillin is faster during ambulation than in bedrest and that the absorption rate during sleep is slowest. The clinical implications of the effect of posture and sleep on the pharmacokinetics of amoxycillin are discussed.

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Correspondence to M. S. Roberts.

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Roberts, M.S., Denton, M.J. Effect of posture and sleep on pharmacokinetics. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 18, 175–183 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00561587

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Key words

  • amoxycillin
  • pharmacokinetics
  • bedrest
  • sleep
  • ambulation
  • renal clearance