Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The weldability of lithium-containing aluminium alloys

Abstract

Lithium-containing aluminium alloys have reduced density and increased elastic modulus compared with conventional aluminium alloys. Many such alloys are currently under development for aircraft applications, which usually involve mechanical fastening. Consequently, the weldability of lithium-containing aluminium alloys is currently receiving relatively little attention. The weldability of lithium-containing aluminium alloys is reviewed. The vast majority of the welding studies performed have been on the Soviet Al-5 wt% Mg-2 wt% Li alloy, 01420. Alloy 01420 and other lithium-containing aluminium alloys are indeed fusion weldable, and weldments having high joint efficiencies have been made.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    G. G. Wald, NASA Contractor Report 16576, NASA, Washington DC (1981).

  2. 2.

    K. K. Sankaran andN. J. Grant, in Proceedings of the 1st International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Stone Mountain, Georgia, May 1980, edited by T. H. Sanders Jr and E. A. Starke, Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1981) p. 206.

  3. 3.

    “Aircraft Specialties Ready for Takeoff,”Chemical Week (31 May 1978) p. 12.

  4. 4.

    W. E. Quist, G. H. Narayanan andA. L. Wingert, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Monterey, California, April 1983, edited by E. A. Starke Jr and T. H. Sanders Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1984) p. 313.

  5. 5.

    G. H. Narayanan, W. E. Quist, B. L. Wilson andA. L. Wingert, Interim Technical Report on AFWAL Contract F33615-81-C-5053 (Air Force Wright Aeronautical Laboratories, Dayton, Ohio, August, 1982).

  6. 6.

    C. E. Cross, D. L. Olson, G. R. Edwards andJ. F. Capes, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Monterey, California, April 1983, edited by E. A. Starke Jr and T. H. Sanders Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1984) p. 675.

  7. 7.

    “Welding Aluminum” (The American Welding Society, Miami, Florida, 1972).

  8. 8.

    P. R. Sperry andF. N. Mardigo, British Patent 1572587 (1980).

  9. 9.

    B. Noble, I. R. McLauchlin andG. Thompson,Acta Metall. 18 (1970) 339.

  10. 10.

    J. R. Pickens, unpublished research at the Paul D. Merica Research Laboratory of the International Nickel Co, Suffern, New York (1978).

  11. 11.

    T. H. Sanders, Jr (ed), in Proceedings of the 1st International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Stone Mountain, Georgia, May 1980, edited by T. H. Sanders Jr and E. A. Starke Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1981) p. 63.

  12. 12.

    Idem, NAVAIR Report NADC-76397-30, Naval Air Systems Command, Washington DC (1976).

  13. 13.

    Idem, Mater. Sci. Eng. 43 (1980) 247.

  14. 14.

    E. A. Starke, Jr, T. H. Sanders, Jr andI. G. Palmer,J. Met. 33 (8) (1981) 24.

  15. 15.

    T. H. Sanders, Jr, andE. A. Starke, Jr,Acta Metall. in press.

  16. 16.

    I. N. Fridlyander, British Patent 1 172736 (1967).

  17. 17.

    I. N. Fridlyander, S. M. Ambartsumyan, N. V. Shiryayeva andR. M. Gabidullin,Metal. Oved. Term. Obrab. Met. (No. 3 1968)211.

  18. 18.

    I. N. Fridlyander,ibid. (No. 4 1970) 44.

  19. 19.

    T. H. Sanders, Jr andE. A. Starke, Jr (eds), in Proceedings of the 1st International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Stone Mountain, Georgia, May 1980, edited by T. H. Sanders Jr and E. A. Starke Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1981) p. 63.

  20. 20.

    D. B. Williams, in Proceedings of the 1st International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Stone Mountain, Georgia, May 1980, edited by T. H. Sanders Jr and E. A. Starke Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1981) p. 89.

  21. 21.

    T. H. Sanders, Jr andE. A. Starke, Jr (eds), in Proceedings of the 2nd International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Monterey, California, April 1983, edited by E. A. Starke Jr and T. H. Sanders Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1984) p. 1.

  22. 22.

    S. F. Baumann andD. B. Williams, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Monterey, California, April 1983, edited by E. A. Starke Jr and T. H. Sanders Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1984) p. 17.

  23. 23.

    T. H. Sanders, Jr andE. A. Starke, Jr,Int. Metall. Rev. in press.

  24. 24.

    R. W. Rogers, Jr, Alcoa working paper report on Contract F33657-81-C-2070 for Battelle Columbus Laboratories, Battelle, Ohio (1983).

  25. 25.

    E. S. Balmuth andR. Schmidt, in Proceedings of the 1st International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Stone Mountain, Georgia, May 1980, edited by T. H. Sanders Jr and E. A. Starke Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1981) p. 69.

  26. 26.

    D. E. J. Talbot andC. E. Ransley,Bull. Bismuth Inst. 23 (1st Quarter, 1979), 1.

  27. 27.

    Idem, Metall. Trans. A,8A (1977) 1149.

  28. 28.

    Idem, J. Inst. Met. 88 (1959/60) 150.

  29. 29.

    P. F. Thomson andN. M. Burman,Mater. Sci. Eng. 45 (1980) 95.

  30. 30.

    A. K. Vasudevan, A. C. Miller andM. O. Kersker, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Aluminum-Lithium Conference, Monterey, California, April 1983, edited by E. A. Starke Jr and T. H. Sanders Jr (TMS-AIME, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1984) p. 181.

  31. 31.

    M. Whitaker,J. Inst. Met. 82 (1953/54) 107.

  32. 32.

    L. V. Tarasenko, O. E. Grushko, V. A. Zasypkin andL. A. Ivanova,Russ. Metall. (English translation) No. 2, 1980.

  33. 33.

    V. G. Kovsizhnykh, V. A. Tikhomirov, N. I. Zaitseva andM. V. Ermanok,Met. Sci. Heat Treat. Met. (Metall. Oved. Termi. Obrab. Met) (No. 2, 1969) 20. Translation p. 103.

  34. 34.

    A. Ya. Chernyak, E. A. Kosakovski andA. A. Mezhlum'yan,ibid. 20 (1) (1978) 59. Translation p. 63.

  35. 35.

    I. N. Fridlyander, S. M. Ambertsumyan, N. V. Shiryaeva andR. M. Gabidullin,ibid. (No. 3, 1968) 50. Translation p. 211.

  36. 36.

    V. N. Mironenko, V. S. Evstifeev, G. I. Lubenets, S. A. Karshukova, V. V. Zakherov andA. I. Litvintsev,Welding Prod. (English translation)26 (1) (1979) 30.

  37. 37.

    “Alloy Digest — Data on World Wide Metals and Alloys” (Engineering Alloys Digest Inc, Upper Montclair, New Jersey, 1973).

  38. 38.

    M. I. Paretskii, E. V. Giarsintov andM. G. Vietsman,Met. Sci. Heat Treat. Met. (Metall. Oved. Termi. Obrab. Met.) (No. 3, 1968) 52. Translation p. 213.

  39. 39.

    V. N. Mironenko, V. S. Evstifeev andS. A. Korshunkova,Welding Prod. 24 (12) (1977) 44.

  40. 40.

    V. A. Fedoseev, V. I. Ryazansev, N. V. Shiryaesa andYu. P. Arbuzov,ibid. 12 (1979) 19. Translation ofSvar. Proizvod. (No. 6, 1978) 15.

  41. 41.

    G. E. Kainova andT. I. Malinkina,Met. Sci. Heat Treat. Met. (Metall. Oved. Termi. Obrab. Met.) (No. 2, 1969) 22. Translation p. 104.

  42. 42.

    V. N. Mironenko, V. S. Evstifeev andS. V. Korshunkova,Welding Prod. 24 (10), (1977) 30.

  43. 43.

    A. Ya. Ishchenko,Automatic Welding (Avtom. Svarka) 32 (2) (1979) 18.

  44. 44.

    V. N. Mironenko andI. F. Kolgarova,ibid. (No. 8, 1979) 61. Translation p. 44.

  45. 45.

    C. A. Bokshtein et al. ibid. (No. 6, 1978). Translation p. 24.

  46. 46.

    A. G. Chayun, V. V. Syrovatka andV. I. Matyash,ibid. (No. 6, 1981) 19. Translation p. 15.

  47. 47.

    M. A. Abralov, R. U. Abdurekhmanov andA. T. Iuldashev,ibid. (No. 5, 1977) p. 21. Translation p. 15.

  48. 48.

    N. A. Galaktionova, “Hydrogen In Metals” (in Russian) (Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1967).

  49. 49.

    F. M. Shamrai, “Lithium and Its Alloys” (in Russian) (Izd. AN 55R, 1959).

  50. 50.

    A. Ya. Ishchenko andA. G. Chayun,Automatic Welding (Avtom. Svarka) (No. 6, 1977) 56. Translation p. 43.

  51. 51.

    I. N. Fridlyander, N. V. Shiryaeva, T. I. Malinkina, I. F. Anokhin andT. A. Gorokhova,Met. Sci. Heat Treat. Met. (Metall. Termi. Obrab. Met.) (No. 3, 1975) 53. Translation p. 240.

  52. 52.

    A. G. Chayun et al., Automatic Welding (Avtom. Svarka.) (No. 1, 1979) 33. Translation p. 29.

  53. 53.

    D. M. Rabkin, A. A. Bondarev andV. V. Baronov,ibid. (No. 7, 1976) 39. Translation p. 30.

  54. 54.

    N. A. Ol'shanskii et al., Welding Prod. (Avtom. Svarka) (No. 4, 1978) 18.

  55. 55.

    M. A. Abralov et al., ibid. (No. 3, 1980) 18. Translation p. 17.

  56. 56.

    G. P. Sakhatskii andR. V. Melnikov,Automatic Welding (Avtom. Svarka) (No. 7, 1973) 17. Translation p. 16.

  57. 57.

    V. I. Ryazantsev et al., Welding Prod. (Svar. Proiz.) (No. 4, 1977) 17. Translation p. 21.

  58. 58.

    J. R. Pickens,J. Mater. Sci. 16 (1981) 1437.

  59. 59.

    J. R. Pickens andE. A. Starke, Jr, “Proceedings of 3rd Conference on Rapid Solidification Processing: Principles and Technologies”, December 1982, edited by R. Mehrabian, (National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland) p. 150.

  60. 60.

    F. H. Froes andJ. R. Pickens,J. Met. 36 (1) (1984) 14.

  61. 61.

    D. W. Bowden andP. J. Meschter,Scripta Metall. in press.

  62. 62.

    E. H. Spuhler, A. H. Kroll andJ. G. Kaufman,Met. Progress (June 1960) 80.

  63. 63.

    J. A. Vaccari,American Machinist/Metalworking Manufacturing (16 April 1962) 110.

  64. 64.

    M. Holt andJ. A. Nock, Jr,Prod. Eng. (8 August 1960) 38.

  65. 65.

    C. A. Zanis andW. A. Palko, Report No. DTNSRDC/SME-84/37, DARPA order 4872, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Washington DC (1984).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pickens, J.R. The weldability of lithium-containing aluminium alloys. J Mater Sci 20, 4247–4258 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00559316

Download citation

Keywords

  • Polymer
  • Aluminium
  • Weldability
  • Elastic Modulus
  • Aluminium Alloy