Therapeutic doses of codeine have no effect on acetaminophen clearance or metabolism
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In nine healthy volunteers, the clearance and metabolism of acetaminophen 1000 mg i.v. was evaluated with and without two concomitant oral doses of codeine in order to investigate a possible interaction. Plasma acetaminophen was followed for 720 min and urine was collected for 24 h after each dose for determination of metabolites.
When codeine was coadministered, the average total clearance of acetaminophen and its clearance by glucuronidation, sulphation and mercapturate formation were 0.58 to 1.12-times the control values.
It is concluded that therapeutic doses of codeine do not influence the clearance or metabolism of acetaminophen.
Key wordsacetaminophen codeine clearance metabolite formation glucuronidation pharmacokinetics healthy volunteers drug interaction
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